Baggara



ETHNONYM: Baqqara


Bibliography

Abdel-Rahim, Abdel-Hamid Mohamed Osman (1986). "The Hawazma Baggara: Some Issues and Problems in Pastoral Adaptations." Master s thesis, University of Bergen.


Carlisle, Roxanne Connick (1973). "Women Singers in Darfur, Sudan Republic." Anthropos 68, fasc. 516:785-814.


Cunnison, Ian (1958). "Giraffe Hunting among the Humr Tribe." Sudan Notes and Records 39:49-60.


Cunnison, Ian (1960a). "The Omda." In In the Company of Man, edited by Joseph B. Casagrande, 309-331. New York: Harper.


Cunnison, Ian (1960b). "The Social Role of Cattle." Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 1(1): 1-18.


Cunnison, Ian (1962). "Some Social Aspects of Nomadism in a Baggara Tribe." Philosophical Society of the Sudan. Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Conference. Khartoum.


Cunnison, Ian (1963a). "The Position of Women among the Humr." Sudan Society 2:24-34.


Cunnison, Ian (1963b). "Subsidiary Nomadic Movements of the Humr." Geographical Magazine (University of Khartoum) 1:25-30.


Cunnison, Ian (1966). The Baggara Arabs: Power and Lineage in a Sudanese Nomad Tribe. Oxford: Clarendon Press.


Demeny, Paul (1968). "The Demography of the Sudan: An Analysis of the 1955/56 Census." In The Demography of Tropical Africa, edited by William Brass et al. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.


Michael, Barbara J. (1985). Production and Consumption by Gender and Role among Transhumants in Western Sudan: The Baggara ( Hawazma ) of Kordofan. Western Sudan Agricultural Research Project, Publication no. 52. Khartoum and Pullman: Washington State University.


Michael, Barbara J. (1987a). Cows, Bulls, and Gender Roles: Pastoral Strategies for Survival and Continuity in Western Sudan. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms International.

Michael, Barbara J. (1987b). "Milk Production and Sales by the Hawazma (Baggara) of the Sudan: Implications for Gender Roles." Research in Economic Anthropology 9:105-141.


Michael, Barbara J. (1991). "The Impact of International Wage Labor Migration on Baggara Nomadism." Nomadic Peoples 28:56-70.


Michael, Barbara J. (1995). "Female Heads of Patriarchal Households." Manuscript.


Michael, Barbara J. (Forthcoming 1996). "Baggara Women as Market Strategists." In Middle Eastern Women in the "Invisible" Economy, edited by Richard Lobban. Gainesville: University of Florida Press.


Michael, Barbara J., with Anne M. Kocherhans (1994). Nomads on the Savanna. 3/4" video, 30 min. University Park: Pennsylvania State Audio-Visual Services.


Sudan. H.Q. Council of Ministers. Department of Statistics (1962). First Population Census of Sudan. 1955/56. Final Report, vol. 3. Khartoum.


Sudan. Ministry of Finance, Planning, and National Economy. Department of Statistics (1977). Second Population Census. 1973. Vol. 7, Kordofan Province. Khartoum.


Sudan. Ministry of Finance, Planning, and National Economy. Department of Statistics (1977). Second Population Census, 1973. Vol. 3, Characteristics of Nomadic Population. Khartoum.

BARBARA J. MICHAEL

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