Tiv - History and Cultural Relations

The Tiv say they emerged into their present location from the southeast. "Coming down," as they put it, they met the Fulani, with whom they still recognize a joking relationship. The earliest recorded European contact was in 1852, when Tiv were found on the banks of the Benue. In 1879 their occupation of the riverbanks was about the same as in 1950. British occupying forces entered Tivland from the east in 1906, when they were called in to protect a Hausa and Jukun enclave that Tiv had attacked. The Tiv said in 1950 that they had defeated this British force, then later invited the British in. The southern area was penetrated from the south; what southern Tiv call "the eruption" of the British there occurred in 1911.

Dutch Reformed missionaries from South Africa entered Tivland in 1911; they were joined, and then succeeded, by U.S. Protestants in the 1940s and 1950s. Catholic missions arrived in the 1920s.

The early administration, coming as it did from the east where Tiv had come under the influence (but not the hegemony) of Jukun and Hausa kingdoms, established "District Heads," who were influential men to whom the British gave authority in which other Tiv did not concur. That system was extended beyond the area of Jukun influence to other Tiv, causing disturbances. Beginning in 1934, the administration created Tiv experts—men who learned the Tiv language and stayed for far longer periods of time than most colonial officers stayed with any given people. Their reports provided a firm basis for administrative reform.


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Oct 7, 2011 @ 11:11 am
Thanks for the little and contagious article you have put together here. i must really tell that you've enlighten me about my people, (Tiv). honestly speaking, i'm writing a project about the history of Tiv and fulani habitation, and i really need to know how they both of them came into existence on detailed grounds. thanks on anticipation. God bless you.
Aluga Aondohemba
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Jan 15, 2012 @ 8:08 am
I love this article,though it is a tip of the icesberg.it's really educating.Thanks to J Rank.
Joy ambrose
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Apr 9, 2012 @ 10:22 pm
Wow,,its very education.just what i needed for the introductory part of my assignment.
Msugh Henda
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Oct 10, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
Although that was brief, thanks for putting the history of my beloved people online...
Apegba Godwin N
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Feb 11, 2013 @ 12:12 pm
Wow! It really great, thanks for putting forth such script about my GREAT people! Please I would like to know more about the history of man as reccorded by my peopl.thanks alot
manyam Ngusha
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Feb 13, 2013 @ 4:16 pm
Please i need a complete history for origin of Tiv people
Martin Akiga
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Feb 25, 2013 @ 6:06 am
Dear all,

In 1935 my grandad Benjamin Akiga, the first of his tribe to read and write, put down a History of the Tiv manuscript. It was partially translated from Tiv to English by Rupert East in 1965 in Akiga's Story. Over the last three years I have cordinated and we have translated the whole manuscript from Tiv to English, edited by Prof Harold Bergsma. We hope to publish it this year. It is rich with history and culture of the Tiv. And other tribes such as the relationship between the Udam, Fulani, Etulo, Ugenyi, Jukun etc. All the battles between the whiteman and the tiv tribes are now on record for all to see and read.Be patient all. We will have it out there soon! Thanks. Martin.
Indyer Jeff
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Apr 22, 2013 @ 3:03 am
I really wish to know the more about the Tiv Nation and how it became the bonified sons in Benue State. thanks for the job welldone.
kyenge simon
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Apr 29, 2013 @ 8:08 am
I WILL LIKE TO KNOW IN DETAILS HOW THE PRATICE OF YA NA ANGBAIN STARTED IN TIVLAND.THANKS
Amin Lee
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Sep 25, 2013 @ 12:12 pm
Very imformative and educational but not exactly what I was looking for but an awesome piece.

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