Culture of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Identification. The name "Bosnia" is derived from the Bosna River, which cuts through the region.

Culture of Botswana

Identification. Formerly Bechuanaland Protectorate under the British, Botswana became independent in 1966.

Culture of Brazil

In Portuguese, Brasil; its citizens are Brasileiros or Brasileiras depending on gender.

Culture of British Virgin Islands

Identification. The British Virgin Islands (BVI) is part of the Virgin Islands archipelago, which also includes the United States Virgin Islands (USVI) of Saint Thomas, Saint John, and Saint Croix.

Culture of Brunei Darussalam

Identification. Brunei Darussalam is a multiethnic society in which one ethnic group, the Barunay, has a monopoly of political power.

Culture of Bulgaria

Bulgar, from the Bulgarian bu'lgar (Bulgarian person). In English, "Bulgar" is usually used only for the central Asian ancestors of the modern Bulgarians.

Culture of Burkina Faso

Identification. In 1984, Thomas Sankara's revolutionary government changed the name Upper Volta to Burkina Faso, thus discarding the name the French had given their former colony.

Culture of Burma

Identification. The name of the country of Burma (or Myanmar, as it is now officially known) is associated with the dominant ethnic group, the Burmese.

Culture of Burundi

Identification. Burundi has to two distinct ethnic groups: the Hutu and the Tutsi.

Culture of Cambodia

Identification. The name "Cambodia" derives from the French Cambodge, which comes from the Khmer word Kâmpuchea, meaning "born of Kambu." During the socialist regimes of Democratic Kampuchea (DK) (1975–1979) and the People's Republic of Kampuchea (PRK) (1979–1989), the country was known internationally as Kampuchea, but more recent governments have returned to using Cambodia, and the official name in English is now the Kingdom of Cambodia.

Culture of Cameroon

Identification. The name of the country derives from the term used for the Wouri River by Portuguese explorers.

Culture of Canada

Identification. The name Canada is derived from the Iroquoian word kanata, which means village.

Culture of Cape Verde

Identification. The islands are named for the Cap Vert peninsula in West Africa, the nearest land formation.

Culture of Cayman Islands

Identification. Christopher Columbus discovered the Cayman Islands on 10 May 1503 when his ships were blown off course by strong winds.

Culture of Central African Republic

Identification. The official name of the country is the République Centrafricaine (CAR).

Culture of Chad

Identification. Chad is a vast, ethnically diverse African country.

Culture of Chile

Identification. There exist different explanations about the origins of the name "Chile." The most accepted one is that it is derived from the native Aymará word chilli meaning "the land where the earth ends." Chile is considered to be one of the most homogeneous nations of Latin America in both ethnic and cultural terms.

Culture of China

The Chinese call their country Zhonghua Renmmin Gogheguo, or Zhong Guo for short.

Culture of Colombia

Identification. Since declaring independence on 20 July 1810 and achieving it in 1819, Colombia has changed its name seven times.

Culture of Comoros

Identification. Comorian residents call their Country Masiwa, "the islands," or refer to the individual name of each island.

Culture of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Congo (Kinshasa)—which distinguishes this country from the other Congo, which is often called Congo (Brazzaville). Formerly: Zaire, Zairians, Belgian Congo, Congo (Léopoldville).

Culture of Republic of Congo

Identification. The Kongo Kingdom was one of the great early empires in central Africa.

Culture of Cook Islands

Identification. The country is named after Captain James Cook, who landed there in 1773.

Culture of Costa Rica

Identification. In 1502, Columbus stopped near present-day Limón, Costa Rica.

Culture of Côte d'Ivoire