Djibouti






Culture Name

Djiboutian

Orientation

Identification. Djibouti is in northeast Africa, on the Red Sea coast, bordered by Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia. The country was created by France in the late nineteenth century during the colonial scramble for Africa. In 1977, it became independent after having been a protectorate and colony for more than a century. Djibouti had no identity as a state or national unit before 1859, when the French concluded a treaty with the local Afar sultan of Obock.

The two dominant ethnic groups—the Issa-Somali and the Afar—have opposed each other on critical occasions, but a minimal shared identity and national consciousness have emerged, buttressed by social and cultural similarities between originally nomadic-pastoral populations that speak related languages, adhere to Islam, and share a way of life. The wealth brought by Djibouti's seaports unite the inhabitants, who share the idea of being an island of relative stability in a volatile region. While the nation has experienced political turbulence and active armed rebellion, there has never been a prolonged civil war. Compromise has shaped its political life. In international and regional affairs, Djibouti tries to avoid being a pawn of the neighboring countries and maintains an independent position.

Location and Geography. Djibouti lies in a hot, arid area of the Horn of Africa. Its area is 8,960 square miles (23,200 square kilometers). The soil is rocky and sandy and lies on volcanic layers. In the hot and humid climate, rainfall is very low. Most of the soil is not suitable for agriculture, and only about 10 percent is used as pasture. The vegetation consists mainly of desert shrubs and acacia trees. There are only a few patches of perennial forest. The traditional mode of life was nomadic pastoralism, in which state borders were not recognized. Fishing in the Red Sea provides a limited source of income; horticulture is possible only on a small scale.

The Bay of Tadjoura cuts into the country from the Gulf of Aden. The terrain is mainly a desertlike plain with some intermediate mountain ranges near Arta and the eastern border. There is one active volcano. There are seasonal streams that flow toward the sea or into the two salt lakes. Apart from Djibouti City, the capital and large urban center, there are a few small towns: Tadjoura, Obock, Dikhil, Ali Sabieh, and Yoboki.

Demography. The population in 1999 was estimated at about 640,000. It is ethnically diverse, and there are significant numbers of expatriates, including Europeans (mainly French) and Arabs (mainly Yemenis). There is a sizable community of Ethiopians and refugees from Eritrea and Somalia. More than half the population lives in Djibouti City.

Linguistic Affiliation. The main indigenous languages are Afar and Issa-Somali, both of which belong to the Cushitic language group. The official national languages are French, which is used in education and administration, and Arabic, which is spoken by Yemeni and other Arab immigrants.

Symbolism. The coat of arms shows two bent olive branches within which a traditional round shield is pictured over a vertical Somali spear topped with a red star and flanked by two Afar daggers to the left and right. It symbolizes the ideal of coexistence of the two dominant communities. The flag is a tricolor with blue, white, and green fields and a red star on the triangular white field on the left.

History and Ethnic Relations

Emergence of the Nation. Politics has been dominated by the complex relations between the Issa-Somali and the Afar. Before the colonial era, they were nomadic pastoralists and traders and were politically highly organized but had no state-forming

Djibouti
Djibouti
tradition. The Afar had chiefdoms and four sultanates. When the French arrived, about 75 percent of the territory was inhabited by Afar nomads. The Issa had a decentralized political organization based on clan loyalty, although the ruler of Zeila, a trading center on the Somali coast, had great influence over them. The number of Issa and Gadabursi (the third largest group, also Somali) grew steadily in the twentieth century because of immigration from Somalia. The Isaak Somali (about 13 percent of the population) also originated in Somalia.

Before independence, the French alternatively promoted the Issa and the Afar; that divisive policy contributed to postcolonial conflicts.

France created Djibouti as a colony and super-imposed a centralist state structure on local pastoral societies. More than two-thirds of the territory traditionally belonged to Afar sultanates, and the remaining southern slice was controlled by Issa nomadic herders. Djibouti as a nation derives its identity from its strategic location and the economic importance of the port. A political crisis occurred with the 1991 armed rebellion of the Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD), a largely Afar movement that conquered a major part of the country. This crisis pressured the government into opening the political system and holding multiparty elections in 1992. After the elections, a military crackdown was followed by an accommodative policy in which the FRUD was persuaded to join mainstream politics and abandon violence.

National Identity. Djibouti's identity as a nation is a compromise between the political and social aspirations of two communities that have created a social contract within the context of the state that allows them to maintain their independence.

The new President, Ismail Omar Guelleh, who has been in office since 1999, supports economic integration with Ethiopia and has hinted at favoring economic federation with that country.

Ethnic Relations. Though closely related culturally and linguistically, the Afar and the Somali-speaking groups (especially the Issa) have been rivals for power and access to resources. This tension exploded into open armed conflict in the 1990s. After a military campaign to quell the Afar revolt, the government opted for a policy of compromise without endangering Issa dominance, and a full-scale "ethnicization" of politics was averted. There is also tension between the settled population and newcomers (Gadabursi, Isaak, and refugees), which occasionally turns into open conflict.

Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space

Djibouti has no tradition of urban architecture. The indigenous architecture of earlier centuries is found in the capitals of the sultanates of Raheita and Tadjoura, with their old mosques and town centers. Djibouti City was designed by French town planners with a grid street plan and government institutions placed close to each other in the center. The town grew fast, with new neighborhoods added in a less planned fashion. There is a camel market on the outskirts.

In the urban culture, traditional social and cultural features of the indigenous populations tend to fuse and create new forms. In the countryside, the herders' seasonal migrations and transborder crossings of Afar, Issa, and Gadabursi pastoralists show the mobility and free use of space necessary for the survival of humans and herds. These people have huts and furniture that can be easily packed and moved.

Food and Economy

Food in Daily Life. Dairy products and meat from the herds are the traditional foods, along with grain dishes. In the cities, the diet is influenced by Italian and other European foods. A notable feature of the diet is the consumption of the light narcotic leaf qat, which is imported from Ethiopia. Qat is consumed recreationally by virtually all men, preferably after lunch, when government offices and work come to a standstill in the midday heat.

Food Customs at Ceremonial Occasions. Qat is used in religious services, allegedly because it enhances concentration, delays sleep, and mutes the appetite.

Basic Economy. Djibouti is a poor but developing country that is dependent on the expanding port and services sector. The economy is unbalanced, with only rudimentary agriculture and a declining livestock economy, but most people still maintain herds and work in agriculture. Infrastructure and communications, except around the port and in the capital, are underdeveloped. Unemployment, poverty, and social insecurity are rampant, especially in the countryside and the working-class neighborhoods in Djibouti City. The government receives subsidies from Arab oil countries and France for balance of payments support and development projects. There is a growing banking and insurance sector, and the telecommunications sector is the best in the region. The currency used is the Djibouti franc.

Land Tenure and Property. Although the government holds most of the land, urban land can be owned privately. Nomadic pastoralists control their traditional pasture areas through customary rights.

Commercial Activities. Djibouti is a free-trade zone. Port activity and related services dwarf other commercial activities, but there is also a small tourist industry. The expenditures of the French army are substantial. Prostitution in Djibouti City is a big business.

Major Industries. The industrial sector employs thirty-five thousand people in a large mineral water bottling plant, leather tanning, construction, a pharmaceuticals factory, abattoirs, salt mining, and a petroleum refinery.

Trade. The transshipment trade through the port is the mainstay of the economy and creates at least 75 percent of the gross domestic product. It has greatly expanded since 1998, when Ethiopia decided to shift all of its import-export activities to Djibouti. Djibouti produces only 5 percent of its own food needs, making it a huge food importer from Ethiopia (grain and other staples) and Somalia (meat and dairy products). The costs of imports are covered by the profitable service sector (the port) and proceeds from contraband trade.

Social Stratification

Classes and Castes. Issa and Gadabursi social organization was fairly egalitarian, although it has a patriarchal bias. There are positions of wider authority, such as that of the ugaz, a ritual-political clan leader. In the countryside, egalitarianism is still the norm, but there are many impoverished pastoralists as a result of drought, cattle disease, and conflict.

Among the Afar, traditional social stratification was much more hierarchical. The Afar were organized in sultanates and had "tribal" and clan rankings. The Afar distinguish between the more prestigious "red" clans (the Asahimara) and the "white" clans (the Asdohimara), although this division did not coincide with political authority in all regions. In the country as a whole, urbanization, modern state formation and political institutions, and trade have created an urban social stratification based on political power and wealth.

Among the Afar and Somali groups there traditionally are castelike artisan groups that traditionally were held in low esteem. The modern economy gave rise to an incipient class society, including in it the working class. Most workers are state civil servants and port laborers. A relatively large stratum of the population engages in prostitution, works in bars, and trades in contraband. Yemenis traditionally form the trader class.

Symbols of Social Stratification. In line with the socio-economic differentiation into a developing urban society and a largely stagnant agro-pastoral rural society, differences in appearance and life style between social groups are increasingly visible. The urban elites speak French, are well-dressed, have good housing, drive their own cars, and travel abroad frequently for business, education, or leisure. The rural and urban poor have substandard

Tourists may purchase leopard skins and rugs at a market in Djibouti City.
Tourists may purchase leopard skins and rugs at a market in Djibouti City.
housing, no means of transport, and live under precarious conditions. Most of the rural populations speak Afar or Issa-Somali, not the more prestigious French.

Political Life

Government. Since independence in 1977, there has been a presidential-republican system of government. There is a Chamber of Deputies with sixty-five members that is elected by universal suffrage. Real power lies with the president and his inner circle. The president is also commander in chief of the armed forces. The prime minister, who is always an Afar, is relatively powerless. The country effectively remained an authoritarian one-party state until 1992, when the Afar struggle for more power became a quest for inclusive democracy.

Leadership and Political Officials. Political life since independence has been dominated by a restricted elite of Issa and Afar politicians. In recent years younger politicians have emerged, but they are linked to the same elite. The 1992 constitution limits the number of political parties to four.

There are complex formal and informal rules for the division of power across the various ethnic communities: The president is an Issa; the prime minister is an Afar; and in the Cabinet of Ministers, one seat each is reserved for the Arabs, Isaak, and Gadabursi, while the Afar have one seat more than the Issa. The head of the supreme court is always an Issa.

Social Problems and Control. Unemployment, the decline of pastoral society, a lack of education, and poverty are the major social problems. Prostitution has caused major health problems, including the spread of AIDS. The refugee population strains the national budget and service facilities. In rural areas, communities deal with local political issues and disputes through the use of customary law.

Military Activity. Djibouti has an army of ninety-four hundred men, along with a small navy and air force. Men serve on the basis of conscription. There is a police force of twelve hundred and a national security force of three thousand. In the mid-1990s, the national army grew to a force of twenty thousand to contain the armed revolt led by FRUD. The national security force keeps a tight grip on domestic security. One faction of the FRUD is still active in the Afar part of the country. Djibouti is the base of a large French overseas military force consisting of three thousand men, with one Foreign Legion battalion that helps control the strategic Red Sea entrance

French planners laid out the original street grid of Djibouti City.
French planners laid out the original street grid of Djibouti City.
and the port, mediates in domestic conflicts, and protects the republic against its neighbors.

Social Welfare and Change Programs

The Djibouti government is not in a financial position to support extended social and welfare programs. There are state pensions for retired civil servants, but no unemployment benefits or social security provisions, except on a private basis via insurance. There are some vocational training institutes, orphanages and food aid institutions run by Islamic and Christian charities, but they do not cover the needs of the population. Several local nongovernmental organizations are active in addressing problems of urban and rural development. Refugees from Ethiopia and Somalia are cared for partly by the government and by United Nations programs.

Nongovernmental Organizations and Other Associations

With the economy being dominated by the state, the role of nongovernmental organizations and associations is limited. The most important organizations are the trade unions, which have some autonomy.

Gender Roles and Statuses

Division of Labor by Gender. If they are not livestock herders or fishermen, men work largely in the civil service, horticulture, corporate business, the military, and the port services. Women are active as lower civil servants and petty traders, mostly in the informal sector.

The Relative Status of Women and Men. By custom and law men have more rights and higher status than women. Traditional Afar and Issa culture as well as Islam tend to support a pattern of gender roles that give men predominance in public life, business, and politics. Economic necessity, conflict, and migration have made many women the sole household head.

Marriage, Family, and Kinship

Marriage. Descent and family and ethnic group membership remain important in the conclusion of marriages and in family life, especially in the countryside, where rituals around marriage and kinship are still widely observed. Afar have a traditional preference for patrilateral cross-cousin marriage; the Issa and other Somalis are less strict. There is some Afar-Issa intermarriage.

Domestic Unit. The domestic unit in the city is the nuclear family, although members of extended families often live together and provide mutual support. Pastoralists among the Issa, Afar, and Gadabursi live and move together in extended kin groups, accompanied by allies and adopted members. Men make decisions involving the movement of herds and families.

Inheritance. Inheritance follows the tenets of Islamic law, modified by state law inspired by French civil codes.

Kin Groups. In the indigenous Issa and Afar communities, and among the Gadabursi and Isaak Somali, the clan and the lower-level lineage remain important. Membership in these units is identified for marriage purposes, economic networking and mutual assistance, and recourse to customary law for dispute settlement and decisions about inheritance.

Socialization

Child Rearing and Education. The family and local community play a crucial role in education and the transmission of culture and morals. Only a minority of children in the countryside, especially in the Afar area, attend schools; often these are Koranic schools with low academic standards. Most children remain in the extended family to assist in economic activities (herding). More than half the population is illiterate. The rural and poor urban populations speak only their indigenous languages. Children are socialized within the family and lineage group and are reared to feel an attachment to kin and community. Among the Somali, children are given more freedom than they are among the Afar, among whom the fima, a disciplinary institution, is strong. Exposure to formal schooling is limited to roughly one-third of school-age children, chiefly in Djibouti City.

Higher Education. There are no universities. Many high school graduates go to France to pursue higher education.

Etiquette

The Issa and Afar value the expression of personal independence and courage, but not recklessness. They feel attached to their cultural tradition, or at least to their idea of it. Older people are treated respectfully.

Religion

Religious Beliefs. The dominant religion of Djiboutians and Arabs is Islam (95 percent of the population). The ten thousand Europeans are nominally Christians (Catholic). Ethiopians are mostly Ethiopian Orthodox Christian, and Greeks and Armenians are Eastern Orthodox Christian. Islamic beliefs are deeply rooted in Afar and Somali society. Indigenous Issa, Gadabursi, and Afar beliefs combine folk religion and custom with normative Islamic practices. Sufi orders are also prominent. Islam is not used for political purposes by any major party.

Religious Practitioners. Among the Islamic Issa, Gadabursi, and Afar, sheikhs and marabouts occupy a prominent position and play a role in many lifecycle events. There is one diocese for the nine thousand Catholics.

Rituals and Holy Places. There are no Islamic holy places except the tombs of saints and marabouts. Daily life is oriented to the Islamic cycle of religious rituals and holidays.

Death and the Afterlife. Islamic and Christian religious precepts include the belief in the immortality of the soul, ascending to heaven, or descending to hell, according to the merits of an individual's life. All deceased are buried—there is no cremation. In traditional Afar and Issa beliefs, shaped by the continuity of patrilineal ideology, the soul of a deceased rejoins the ancestors, who are occasionally appealed to by the living descendants.

Medicine and Health Care

Health care is precarious. In Djibouti City, it is available, although not easily accessible to the poor. In rural areas, there are clinics in the major villages, but the nomadic peoples are dependent on traditional remedies.

Secular Celebrations

Independence Day on 27 June is the most important national holiday and unites all Djiboutians in celebration of their national identity. New Year's Day is celebrated on 1 January and Labor Day on 1 May; 11 November, 25 December (Christmas Day), and 31 December (New Year's Eve) are other public holidays.

Djibouti's ports are the mainstay of its economy.
Djibouti's ports are the mainstay of its economy.

The Arts and Humanities

Academic life is lacking, because there are not any universities or a significant intellectual scene. Artists (painters, sculptors, designers) cater to foreign demand. The few literary authors publish in French.

Support for the Arts. The government has few financial or institutional resources to support the arts, but in the capital there is a "people's palace," a national museum, and a national center for the promotion of culture and the arts, where performances and festivals are held. The National Tourism Office has a section to promote interest in the traditional crafts of the country. Connaissance de Djibouti is a study association whose members are interested in retrieving knowledge of the cultures and customs of Djibouti's peoples. Djibouti maintains a cultural exchange and education agreement with France.

Literature. While there is little creative written literature (poetry, novels, drama) to speak of, oral poetry and rhetoric are well developed in Afar and Somali pastoral societies. The Afar are familiar with the ginnili, a kind of warrior-poet and diviner, and have a rich oral tradition of folk stories. Among the Somali, poetic talent and verbal skills expressed in songs and epic stories are also highly developed. In recent years there has been a growing number of politicians and intellectuals who write memoirs or reflections on Djibouti society and its problems, but virtually all of them publish in France.

Graphic Arts. Some painters and sculptors in Djibouti town galleries cater largely to French and other foreign visitors.

Performance Arts. There are no major theaters or playwrights in Djibouti, although there are drama performances in the capital's center for culture and art.

The State of the Physical and Social Sciences

Research is done by foreign institutions and individuals, often in partnership with Djibouti scientists educated abroad. There is a French-supported research institute, the Institut Supérieur des Etudes et des Recherches Scientifiques et Techniques. Research on Djibouti society is not well developed.

Bibliography

Ali Coubba. Le Mal Djiboutien. Rivalités Ethniques et Enjeux Politiques, 1996.

Ali Moussa Iye. Le Verdict de l'Arbre, 1994.

Chire, Anne S. "Djibouti: Migrations de Populations et Insertion Urbaine des Femmes." L'Afrique Politique, 120–146. 1998.

Laudouze, André. Djibouti: Nation Carrefour, 2nd ed., 1989.

Leclercq, Claude. "La Constitution de la Republique de Djibouti du 15 Septembre 1992." Revue Juridique et Politique, 47 (1):71–77, 1993.

Oberlé, Philippe, and Pierre Hugot. Histoire de Djibouti, des Origines à la République, 1985.

Rouaud, Alain. "Pour une Histoire des Arabes de Djibouti, 1896–1977." Cahiers d'Etudes Africaines, 37(146):319–348, 1997.

Schraeder, Peter J. "Crystal Anniversary Reflections on the Nascent field of Djiboutian Studies." A Current Bibliography on African Affairs, 23 (3):227–247, 1991–1992.

——. "Ethnic Politics in Djibouti: From Eye of the Hurricane to Boiling Cauldron." African Affairs, 92(367):203–221, 1993.

Weber, Olivier, ed. Corne de l'Afrique. Royaumes Disparus: Ethiopie, Somalie, Djibouti, Yemen, (special issue of Autrement, no. 21), 1987.

—J ON G. A BBINK



User Contributions:

Jan
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Sep 21, 2006 @ 8:20 pm
this helped me alot on my research project it gave me alot of info.
thanks for putting together a site like this
-Jan
Sadie
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Nov 1, 2006 @ 4:16 pm
COOLIO Helped me on my project yo. I couldn't find stuff on some things as i did here. help. i got it.
alyssa Trager
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Nov 14, 2006 @ 10:22 pm
I am representing Djibouti in a Model UN confrence and this aided in my reasearch so much, thank you for post this up everyculture.com!
tom
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Mar 30, 2007 @ 6:18 pm
Thanx for helping me with my francophone project! makes it sooo much easier!
Jordan
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Apr 19, 2007 @ 7:07 am
This really helped me on my francophone countries project and helped me learn more about Djibouti

Thanx!!!!!!!!!!
jordan
Jonathan
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May 7, 2007 @ 6:18 pm
This site helped me very much, but if you could put a recipe card of every country on here of at least one of their national foods.
Leah
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May 14, 2007 @ 5:05 am
Omg! I am doing a social studies(schum) project on Djibouti, and this helped me out soo much, mk kk thxx :D
ashley scott
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May 22, 2007 @ 9:09 am
It seems very interesting and it helped me on my social studieds project. yes i live in canada and we do know about this country.but i liked the article alot.

thanks bye

ashley scott
age:13
j
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Jun 10, 2007 @ 9:09 am
i wanted to know about the culture in djibouti. and this helped. thank you. only, can you put up more pictures? thnx.

j
Ayaanle M.
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Jul 13, 2007 @ 2:02 am
I'm very much interested the way that Djabouti is doing and I got this informnation above very useful which can give very accurate picture about Djabouti. I think it is better to be added the history of Djabouti in detail.... Thank you
Elizabeth
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Aug 29, 2007 @ 4:04 am
Thanks for info. If you revise this site you could think about adding a bit more about the culture and traditions of the people.
However, all in all good job - easy to read and factual.
danny
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Sep 27, 2007 @ 9:21 pm
thx bud this really helped me alot on my social studies report. this is such a drag but thx this sight helped me soo much! :D
Carrie
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Nov 5, 2007 @ 7:19 pm
I was assigned to do a project on an African country by Mr. Z, and I found this site after choosing to do Djibouti. It helped me so much, and I expect to get an A+++++ on my powerpoint. LOL. Thank you so much.
poop
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Jan 30, 2008 @ 7:19 pm
thank you so much i needed this for geo!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!11
Brad pitt
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Feb 27, 2008 @ 7:19 pm
thankyou guys alot for helping me, me and my wife were planning to do a charity projest in africa and she wanted to go to djibouti, so i went here and got all the info i needed to make her think i knew alot about the country (haha). thankyou so much. sincerely, Brad Pitt
Lindsi
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Mar 26, 2008 @ 6:18 pm
This helped me sooo much on my project!!!!!
-Lindsi
Kyalo Musoi
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Apr 2, 2008 @ 2:02 am
I am in the process of developing a questionnaire for Law Enforcement Agency Survey for Djibouti National Focal point. I find information on this site very helpful. Perhaps you could add something on "arms control and management"

Kyalo Musoi (SRIC)
sarah
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Oct 21, 2008 @ 6:18 pm
thnx sooo much i couldnt find culture for djibouti any were this helped me with my project sooo much
Jasmine
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Nov 21, 2008 @ 11:11 am
I'm doing my senior project on hunger and poverty in Djibouti. Thanks to this site my reasearch wasn't as difficult as I thought it would be.
Azucena
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Dec 3, 2008 @ 2:02 am
You are a life savior!

Thank you so much, I thought I would never find the information I needed for my project!

Thanx =]
Leah H.
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Feb 7, 2009 @ 12:12 pm
Oh mee gee.
thanks so much. this site helped me from going to 500 different websites!
hah. thanks.
it helped alot with my project.
bye.
lauren
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Apr 24, 2009 @ 7:07 am
hey thanks for the information! it rocks.. and so does the name dijbouti!!! ok so i think ill start my project, this was a big help!
hilary duff
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Apr 26, 2009 @ 4:16 pm
this page really helped me on my project
i turned out getting a A on it and it was all because of this page
MaryJ
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May 12, 2009 @ 7:19 pm
Thanx, this was such a big help foor my project! You guys are uh-maz-in!!!! >^-^
kasey
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May 21, 2009 @ 10:10 am
hey this site helped soooooooooo much that im sure to get a A+
mbololwa
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Oct 26, 2009 @ 2:14 pm
thnks this helped me a lot on my project thank you soooooooooooooooooooooooooo much
Paiooha
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Dec 14, 2009 @ 9:09 am
sir. you like totally helpeded me with my project sir. you're the best. i heart you. just kidding, i don't really heart you. but thanks anyways.
tracy
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Jan 13, 2010 @ 11:11 am
this helped me so much on my acc world Geo. class thx
danielle
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Jan 15, 2010 @ 9:09 am
this is so helpful!!! it helped me so much on my social studies progect. the only problem was their was nothing about their writing and it needs lots more pics. thanx :0 :)
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Feb 12, 2010 @ 7:19 pm
Thank you for your help I really appreciate you.You guys were a big help to me and I found all the information I needed on here.
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Feb 16, 2010 @ 1:13 pm
thanx! this is very helpful for my oral report on djibouti!
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May 25, 2010 @ 9:09 am
thanx this helped me finish research in social studies!!!
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Aug 25, 2010 @ 5:17 pm
Thanks very much for this comprehensive info. It saved me the trouble of going to the library :)
felton
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Nov 1, 2010 @ 8:20 pm
This really helped me find the resources my daughter needed for a project. Many thanks !!
Marissa Pitts(williams)
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Nov 3, 2010 @ 7:07 am
this is a funny name for a country! -love Ben Ford & Marissa Pitts-
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Nov 17, 2010 @ 9:09 am
This very helpful article but there is some information still very old it need a little changement ,

i like it and also it help me for my presentation in my school

Good luck
George
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Nov 17, 2010 @ 6:18 pm
wow... thanks this helped so much for my project. it tells you everything. but one problem.. it needs more detail on religion.

Thanks
Julie
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Jan 26, 2011 @ 12:12 pm
thanks so much for helping me with my Geography project!
A.J.
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Feb 20, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
What an amazing website-thank you so much. This really helped me on my World Geography project.
seth
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Mar 8, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
It helped me so much Thxx so much :) :)
ilove this website it is very useful thxx again
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Mar 21, 2011 @ 1:13 pm
i love this website it helped me on my social studies project
Bridget Bingle
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Apr 6, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
thanks so much. I needed all this information for my language class! You are turly a life saver.
Lobo Rox
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Apr 13, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
Djibouti Country Report- good website to use. I needed it for school and this is a great website to use I really enjoy it, it is one of the onle websites that give good information on The Republic of Djibouti. Thanks!
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May 2, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
djibouti is a wonderful place i h ave visited it and i have donated atleast 1,000 to them for their help
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May 18, 2011 @ 9:09 am
Thanks so much for the info!! It helped me alot!!

Sabrina
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May 23, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
this really helped me with my science project! seems like this country is very diverse!
Ashley
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May 25, 2011 @ 7:19 pm
This has alot of information that helped a butt load on my project not much more to get this had most of the stuff i needed on it!!
Meggi
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Jun 3, 2011 @ 12:12 pm
Could you add more information on the traditional food? I can't find it anywhere!
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Jul 20, 2011 @ 1:13 pm
To what does extend the globalization influence human resource managnment issues in djibouti?

pls need hepl with project
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Jul 24, 2011 @ 12:12 pm
Check out this information on my family home land in Afcria
dana
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Oct 25, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
I really found this useful, but there was nothing about women's rights and discrimination which was what i was mainly focusing on. but thank you for the other information!
Caitlin
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Nov 8, 2011 @ 7:19 pm
AH! Thank you so much! This information was great, and like everyone else on here, it helped greatly with my project! (UN Mock Debate) I have one little suggestion though, is it possible to put up on here Djibouti's views on population control and how the population growth rate may affect the countries uses of resources and if they should/ shouldn't be worried about potential overpopulation? That would be great.

Thanks so much!
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Nov 12, 2011 @ 7:07 am
djibouti is my contry and wonderfull place and i say tanks for this information
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Nov 15, 2011 @ 1:01 am
I did not known about Djibouti before.World cup qualifying games make it possible to me to know the country I never heard about.
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Nov 15, 2011 @ 4:04 am
Thanks for the important information. I am about to fly to Djibouti soon, and I have learned a lot about its people and culture. Please provide more pictorial information too.
brittnee
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Nov 21, 2011 @ 8:20 pm
This article helped me alot on my geography project so thankyou.
serena
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Nov 29, 2011 @ 7:19 pm
thx so much this site was really helped my model UN project
Thank u so much!!!
Erica & Kayla
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Jan 12, 2012 @ 11:11 am
BEST PLACE EVER it was such a fantastic place to be and has a nice environment
Austin
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Feb 28, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
Hey, this helped me alot for my social project. which im hearing and reading alot of but I would reccomend this site to alot of people.
Josefina
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Mar 4, 2012 @ 7:07 am
Thank you!! This helped my a lot with my world cultures project!
DaRcIe
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May 8, 2012 @ 11:11 am
This was quite helpful but there's not alot about how many girls and\or boy get to go to school and the average kids per family or WHO else lives with the familys!

Darcie->
Malie Vestervan
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Jun 1, 2012 @ 10:10 am
This site was very useful in my research for my Final Exam Project. Without this site my project would be a jumble of random information. This site helped me get an A in my Human Geography class in College.

Thanks but more picture Please!
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Oct 18, 2012 @ 8:20 pm
This was such a help as far as finding a website to base my French project on! I had no idea that the national language was french or that the men take a drug called Qat every day! I pray that GOD would guide many more people to this site to find the facts they need and would bless them for making an effort to find out what they needed for whatever purpose. GOD bless you and have a wonderful day!
Ethan
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Nov 14, 2012 @ 3:15 pm
Thanks alot this really helped me with my project because the sight that got recommended to me didnt really help me.
Naman
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Jun 6, 2013 @ 1:13 pm
I am happy that I got this info. for my school project. A big thanx to this site or I couldn't find anything except this site.
jackschap
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Oct 10, 2013 @ 4:16 pm
great info really helpful with my project:)
yay for this website everyculture.com
Fathi
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Nov 27, 2013 @ 3:03 am
Thank u so much for ur info..this helped a lot to know more DJiboutians.thank u
jazmia
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Nov 29, 2013 @ 2:14 pm
its alot of help for my research project i think im sure to get an A+
bilal
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Feb 17, 2014 @ 3:15 pm
actually i am very interested with your post,it is the only page i have gotten such a big advantage in my life ,so asking you to keep writting about djibouti again and again.thank you

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