The Saluan (Loinan, Loinanezen, Loindang, Madi, To Loinang), who numbered about 74,000 in 1979, inhabit eastcentral Sulawesi Island, Indonesia. Saluan is classified in the Hesperonesian Group of the Austronesian Language Family. Villages range in size up to no more than about 700 inhabitants. Individual nuclear or extended families live in rectangular, raised houses made of wood and bamboo. Subsistence is based on rice, maize, sago, and millet, supplemented by chickens, dogs, and goats. Descent is bilateral. The aboriginal religion of the Saluan is based on ancestor worship, though both Islam and Christianity have gained a hold since the early 1900s.
LeBar, Frank M. (1972). "Loinang." In Ethnic Groups of Insular Southeast Asia, edited by Frank M. LeBar. Vol. 1, Indonesia, Andaman Islands, and Madagascar, 136-138. New Haven: HRAF Press.