Identification. In 1494, Columbus named the island Santiago.
Identification. The Japanese names, Nihon and Nippon, are alternative readings of written characters that mean "origin of the sun" ("Land of the Rising Sun").
Identification. The Emirate of Transjordan was the name given to this small state when it was recognized in 1921, after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the promulgation of the Balfour Declaration.
Identification. The country takes its name from Mount Kenya, located in the central highlands.
I-Kiribati or kaini Kiribati. "Kiribati" is a transliteration of "Gilberts," the British colonial name for part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony.
Identification. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea, usually known as North Korea, is a state that occupies the northern half of the Korean peninsula.
Identification. Koryo (918–1392) and Choson (1392–1910) were the last two Korean dynasties.
Identification. Modern day Kuwaitis are the descendants of several nomadic tribes and clans who ultimately settled on the coast of the Arabian Gulf during the eighteenth century to avoid the persistent drought of the desert.
Identification. The name qirqiz or kyrgyz dates back to the eighth century.
Identification. The ethnic Lao in Laos account for 50 to 60 percent of the population, depending on how some subgroups are classified.
Identification. Loubnan derives from the Phoenician for "white mountain" and denotes Lebanon's mountains, some parts of which remain snow-covered all year.
Identification. The area now called The Kingdom of Lesotho (pronounced le-Soo-too) was originally Basutoland.
Identification. Liberia lies on the west coast of Africa.
Identification. The Socialist Popular Libyan Arab Jamahiriya—literally, "state of the masses," is a nation that has been undergoing a radical social experiment over the last thirty years.
Identification. Lithuanians are fond of nature and have a strong feeling of a shared culture that begins as early as primary school, where folk music, national traditions, and holidays play an important role.
Identification. The name of the nation derives from Lucilinburhuc, which in the local Germanic dialect meant "Little Fortress," referring to a small Roman castle on a rocky promontory overlooking the Alzette River.
Identification. Macau is a city in southern China's Guangdong province, and was until 20 December 1999 an overseas Portuguese territory, founded in 1557.
Identification. The ancient Macedonians were considered non-Greek but are claimed as co-nationals by the modern Greeks.
Malagasy refer to themselves and their language as Malagasy and their country as Madagasikara. French speakers refer to the people and the language as Malgache and the nation as Madagascar.
Identification. Malawians are part of the large Bantu population that migrated northward from South Africa at around the turn of the twentieth century.
Outsiders often mistakenly refer to things Malaysian as simply "Malay," reflecting only one of the ethnic groups in the society. Malaysians refer to their national culture as kebudayaan Malaysia in the national language.
Identification. The Maldives is one of the world's poorest developing countries.
Identification. Malian national culture can be best defined as a project that was developed with different emphasis and credibility by the governments that led Mali (formerly French Sudan) in the postindependence period (1960 to the present).