Chontal of Tabasco



ETHNONYMS: Chontales, Chontal Maya, Chontal Mayan, Yocotan, Yokot'an


Kinship

The Chontal Maya kinship system is now bilateral, and Spanish kin terms are often used. Chontal kin terms differ from their Spanish counterparts in that they often stress age relative to Ego. Ritual kinship, compadrazgo (coparenthood), is widely practiced in baptisms, weddings, and other key events in the life of the Chontal Maya.

Bibliography

Becerra, Marcos (1934). "Las chontales de Tabasco: Estudio etnográfico y lingüístico." Investigaciones Lingüísticas 2:29-36.


Brinton, Daniel (1892). "Chontales and Popolucas, a Contribution to Mexican Ethnography." Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Americanists, 556-564.


Horcasitas de Barros, M. L., and Ana Maria Crespo (1979). Hablantes de lengua indígena en México. Colección Científica, Lenguas, no. 81. Mexico City: Secretaría de Educación Pública, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia.


Knowles, Susan M. (1984). A Descriptive Grammar of Chontal Maya (San Carlos Dialect). Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms International.


Knowles-Berry, Susan M. (1987) "Linguistic Decay in Chontal Mayan: The Speech of Semi-Speakers." Anthropological Linguistics 29(4): 332-341.


Mora, Teresa, and Yolotl González (1981). "La celebración de los muertos entre los chontales." In Dos ceremonias para los muertos: En Cholula, Puebla y entre los chontales de Tabasco , edited by Teresa Mora, Yolotl González, and Silvia Ortiz Echaniz, 1-15. Mexico City: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Departamento de Etnología y Antropología Social.


Scholes, France V., and Ralph L. Roys (1968). The Maya Chontal Indians of Acalan-Tixchel. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.


Schumann, Otto (1978). "Consideraciones sobre el idioma chontal de Tabasco." In Estudios preliminares sobre los mayas de las tierras bajas nonoccidentales , edited by Lorenzo Ochoa, 93-105. Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.


Smailus, Ortwin (1975). El maya-chontal de Acalan: Análisis lingüístico de un documento de los años 1610-12. Cuaderno 9. Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Centro de Estudios Mayas.


Villa Rojas, Alfonso (1969). "Maya Lowlands: The Chontal, Chol, and Kekchi." In Handbook of Middle American Indians, edited by Robert Wauchope. Vol. 7, Ethnology, Part One, edited by Evon Z. Vogt, 230-243. Austin: University of Texas Press.


West, Robert C, Norbert P. Psuty, and Bruce G. Thorn (1969). The Tabasco Lowlands of Southeastern Mexico. Technical Report no. 70. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, Coastal Studies Institute.


SUSAN M. KNOWLES-BERRY

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