Identification. The island of Ireland is known as Eire in Irish Gaelic.
The original inhabitants and dominant ethnic group of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (all the Marianas except Guam) in western Micronesia refer to themselves as Chamorros (tsa-'mor-os). The term chamorri was used to designate the upper caste at the time of Magellan's arrival in 1521.
Identification. The name Norge ("the Northern Way") originally pertained to a region of the country before political consolidation under Harald the Fair-Haired around 900 C.E.
Various peoples in Oman use regional names such as Dhofari, which identifies them as being from the southern region of Oman, or Zanzibari, which identifies them as having close links with East Africa and at one time Zanzibar.
While the official name of the nation is the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, generally the country has been referred to as Pakistan since 1971.
Palau comprises several cultures and languages. Ethnic Palauans predominate, inhabiting the main islands of the archipelago.
Identification. Palestine is the name the Romans gave in the second century C.E.
Identification. The Republic of Panama is a former Spanish colony in Central America with a mixed population of Creoles, mestizos, European immigrants, Africans, and indigenous Indians.
Identification. Papua is probably derived from the Malay word papuwah ("fuzzy hair").
Identification. The name "Paraguay" derives from the river that divides the eastern half of the nation from the western Chaco region.
Identification. Peru has a long and rich history.
Identification. The Republic of the Philippines was named the Filipinas to honor King Philip the Second of Spain in 1543.
Identification. The name "Portugal" derives from a Roman or pre-Roman settlement called Portus Cale (the modern city of Porto) near the mouth of the Douro River.
Identification. Christopher Columbus landed in Puerto Rico in 1493, during his second voyage, naming it San Juan Bautista.
Identification. Residents of Qatar can be divided into three groups: the Bedouin, Hadar, and Abd.
Identification. Reunion Island (in French, La Reunion) is a multicultural society composed of people originally from France, Mozambique, India, China, Madagascar, and the Comores.
Identification. The name "Romania," which was first used when the three regions of the country were united in 1859, reflects the influence of ancient Rome on the nation's language and culture.
Identification. "Rus" may derive from the name of a tribe that gained political ascendancy in Kiev and other Slavic towns and lent its name to the language, culture, and state.
Identification. The Rwandan culture includes not only the population of Rwanda but people in neighboring states, particularly Congo and Uganda, who speak the Kinyarwanda language.
The inhabitants of the two islands are referred to as Kittitians (or Kitticians) and Nevisians, respectively.
Identification. The origins of the name Saint Lucia are lost in history.
The locals sometimes call the main island "Hairoun," its Carib name. The term "Saint Vincent" is often used for the whole group, including the Grenadines.
Identification. Oral tradition holds that the Samoan archipelago was created by the god Tagaloa at the beginning of history.