Haida - Religion and Expressive Culture



Religious Beliefs. Animals were classified as special types of people, more intelligent than humans and with the ability to transform themselves into human form. Animals were thought to live on land, in the sea, and in the sky in a social order that mirrored that of the Haida. Traditional beliefs have been largely displaced by Christianity, although many Haida still believe in reincarnation.

Ceremonies. The Haida prayed and gave offerings to the masters of the game animals and to the beings who gave wealth. Major ceremonial events were feasts, potlatches, and dance performances. High-ranking men were expected to host these events. Property was distributed through the Potlatch on a number of occasions including the building of a cedar house, naming and tattooing of children, and death. Potlatches also included feasts and dance performances, although a feast might be given apart from the potlatch.

Arts. As with other Northwest Coast groups, carving and painting were highly developed art forms. The Haida are Renowned for their totem poles in the form of house-front poles, memorial poles, and mortuary columns. Painting Usually involved the use of black, red, and blue-green to produce highly stylized representations of the zoomorphic matrilineal crest figures. The body of a high-ranking individual was often tattooed and faces were painted for ceremonial purposes.

Death and Afterlife. Treatment of the deceased reflected status differentials. For those of high rank, after lying in state for a few days in the house, the body was buried in the lineage gravehouse where it remained either permanently or until it was placed in a mortuary pole. When the pole was erected, a potlatch was held both to honor the deceased and to recognize his successor. Commoners were usually buried apart from the nobles, and carved poles were not erected. Slaves were tossed into the sea. The Haida believed strongly in reincarnation, and sometimes before death an individual might choose the parents to whom he or she was to be reborn. At death, the soul was transported by canoe to the Land of the Souls to await reincarnation.


Also read article about Haida from Wikipedia

User Contributions:

1
Savannah
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 24, 2011 @ 10:22 pm
Very nice! Very helpful! It's very interesting information! You are talented writer!
2
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 23, 2011 @ 12:12 pm
It's very good!! I found all my informations on this!
3
kenzie
Report this comment as inappropriate
Dec 9, 2011 @ 1:13 pm
they didnt throw slaves in to the river they didnt even have slaves they treated everyone equally which is a excellent thing to do!!
4
bob
Report this comment as inappropriate
Dec 11, 2011 @ 8:20 pm
Best information I found. Helped me with my homework :)
5
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 17, 2012 @ 6:18 pm
hi great information about the indians and their culture
6
billy bob
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 1, 2012 @ 5:17 pm
THIS WEB SITE IS COOL, I AM DOING A PROJECT ON HAIDA AND THIS REALLY HELPED!!
7
cupcake
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 7, 2012 @ 3:15 pm
this helped me on two out of ten topics on my report on haida!!! thanks alot
8
Marla
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 14, 2012 @ 10:10 am
Where did you get the information about the transporting of the dead person by canoe to await reincarnation??? I have never heard of this, and there is a whole lot more to where they go. You didn't source anything so I couldn't look this up.
9
johnboy
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 17, 2012 @ 4:16 pm
i am doing a project about the northwest indians and this webpage helped me ith half of it!
10
stan stanmanson
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 29, 2012 @ 6:18 pm
helped me with my homework i needed some info and it really helped. thx ;)
11
C.
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 3, 2012 @ 3:15 pm
thanks so much this whole website has been very helpful to me i have used another website of yours on their economy. and putting this information together i didn't have to visit any other sites. Keep posting sites on the haida i'll keep looking your sites up and continue to comment. thanks again i'm almost done with my research project now.
PS: there are no capitals in my email adress feel free to contact me :]
12
Evelyn
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 8, 2012 @ 4:16 pm
In what order does the soicel order mirrior that of the haida??
13
kate
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 8, 2012 @ 5:17 pm
thanks a lot for helping me on my project :) THAT WAS GREAT information
14
Abbey Anson
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 10, 2012 @ 8:08 am
I think this website was very helpful and I will recommend it to all my friends. Thank-you very much. You helped me get my G.C.S.E in Religious Studies. Thank-you!
15
Joe
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 23, 2012 @ 10:10 am
I am doing an inquiry project on Aboriginal groups. One question was "how did aboriginal people use religion to justify their actions?" Thanks, this really helped.
16
Alex
Report this comment as inappropriate
Mar 28, 2013 @ 11:11 am
This is good info for my project. Thanks! I really think this will get my group an A.
17
Brittany
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 11, 2013 @ 11:11 am
This is great info for my project too! Thanks it really helped!
18
Krystal
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 11, 2013 @ 12:12 pm
Very nice. It did help with my homework. Thanks so much!!
19
Elena
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 27, 2013 @ 3:15 pm
THANK YOU!You helped me a lot with my project!Loved it!
20
Kaela
Report this comment as inappropriate
Dec 19, 2013 @ 4:16 pm
Thank you! This really helped me with my project! I hope it gets me an A or atleast a B :D Again, thank you!
21
whats it to ya
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 6, 2014 @ 12:12 pm
this is awesome reporte done im very happy and now i can celebrate
22
Quinlin
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 27, 2014 @ 12:12 pm
Thanks man this is awesome keep writing just like this
23
Sophia
Report this comment as inappropriate
May 6, 2014 @ 4:16 pm
Wow great. I think this was very helpful indeed,maybe next time add a little bit more on the culture part.I am doing a research assignment and that seems to be the most interesting topic.otherwise great job.I found it very helpful.

From the review gal.remember to follow me on twitter and facebook
24
David
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 21, 2014 @ 1:13 pm
this really helped me to finish a project in religion
25
Chauvin
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 25, 2014 @ 7:07 am
Very good info. Thanks so much! This website is great!
26
Lily
Report this comment as inappropriate
Aug 27, 2016 @ 11:23 pm
I had an Native American Project and it did help me a little bit especially on my Haida Tribe part. Thanks a lot, for the help. But it would have been helpful if you have a source, other then that it was amazayn. Also maybe add some more information on all Funerals, since I'm working on that right now and I'm having no use finding it anywhere. So maybe you could update this a little more to be helpful, I'm just recommending. Hope to find more information on here soon.
27
laliftu
Report this comment as inappropriate
Sep 21, 2016 @ 8:20 pm
thanks for this was very good info for my project.
28
Lily
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 4, 2016 @ 7:07 am
Thanks. This really helped! I got so much work done!
29
Mickey
Report this comment as inappropriate
Dec 20, 2016 @ 11:11 am
This works well. I like it. It helped me a lot on my school work and research.
30
Gabby
Report this comment as inappropriate
Oct 12, 2017 @ 7:07 am
This helped thank you so much I will use you more often

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:

CAPTCHA