ETHNONYMS: Self-designation: "Qumïq," from which derive the Russian and Nogay "Kumïk" and the Chechen "Ghumki"; in the languages of the mountain people of Daghestan the Kumyks are generally called "dwellers of the lowlands"
Adzhiev, A. M. (1977). Dal'nie dorogi pesni (The distant roads of song). Makhachkala.
Adzhiev, A. M. (1983). Kumykskaia narodnaia poeziia (Kumyk folk poetry). Makhachkala.
Akiner, Shirin (1986). Islamic Peoples of the Soviet Union: An Historical and Statistical Handbook. 2nd ed., 147-151. London: KPI.
Bennigsen, Alexandre, and S. Enders Wimbush (1986). Muslims of the Soviet Empire: A Guide, 169-170. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Gadzhieva, S. Sh. (1961). Kumyki (The Kumyks). Moscow.
Gadzhieva, S. Sh. (1981). Odezhda narodov Dagestana (The apparel of the peoples of Daghestan). Moscow: Nauka.
Gadzhieva, S. Sh. (1985). Sem'ia i brak u narodov Dagestana v XIX-nachalo XX v (Family and wedding among the peoples of Daghestan from the 19th to the beginning of the 20th century). Moscow: Nauka.
Istoriia Dagestana (The history of Daghestan) (1967-1969). Vols. 1-4. Moscow: Nauka.
SAKINAT SH. GADZHIEVA AND A. M. ADZHIEV (Translated by Paul Friedrich and Johanna Nichols)