Maká



ETHNONYMS: Cochaboth; Enimacá; Enimagá; Etaboslé; Imacas; Inimacá; Lengua (ancient); Macca; Maká (in Spanish and Guaraní); Mak'á; Makká; Namaká (in Mataco); Ñimaqá, Njimaqá, Njomaqá (in Toba and Pilagá); TawaLáj Lawós (in Chulupí [Nivaklé]); TowoLi (in Lengua). The pronoun jekheweliL of the first person plural exclusive is the most appropriate alternative to ethnic auto-designation.


Kinship

Kinship Groups and Descent. Bands are integrated by demes of bilateral descent, which bind extended families together with maximum solidarity. Within the deme most cooperative activities were organized according to sex and age.

Kinship Terminology. Kinship terminology is of the Hawaiian type for cousins and linear for the first ascending and descending generations, with mourning terms.


Bibliography

Belaieff, Juan (1940). "El maccá." Revista de la Sociedad Científica del Paraguay 4.


Chase-Sardi, Miguel (1970). "Cosmovisión mak'á." Suplemento Antropológico 5:239-246.


Schindler, Helmut (1967). "Die Inimacá und die Macá." Anthropos 62:452-486.


Schmidt, Max (1934). "El makká en comparación con los enimagá antiguos." Revista de la Sociedad Científica del Paraguay 3:152-157.


Wilbert, Johannes, and Karin Simoneau, eds. (1991). Folk Literature of the Makka Indians. Los Angeles: University of California, Latin American Center.

JOSÉ BRAUNSTEIN (Translated by Ruth Gubler)

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