Gonds






PRONUNCIATION: gAHNds

ALTERNATE NAMES: Koi; Koitur

LOCATION: India

POPULATION: Over 9 million

LANGUAGE: Gondi

RELIGION: Cult of the Persa Pen (clan deities); ancestor spirit worship

1 • INTRODUCTION

The Gonds are among the largest tribal groups in South Asia and perhaps the world. The term Gond refers to tribal peoples who live all over India's Deccan Peninsula. Most describe themselves as Gonds (hill people) or as Koi or Koitur.

Scholars believe Gonds settled in Gondwana, now known as eastern Madhya Pradesh, between the ninth and thirteenth centuries AD . Muslim writers describe a rise of Gond states after the fourteenth century. Gond dynasties ruled in four kingdoms (Garha-Mandla, Deogarh, Chanda, and Kherla) in central India between the sixteenth and mid-eighteenth centuries.

Maratha power swept into Gond land in the 1740s. They overthrew Gond rajas (princes) and seized most of their territory. Some Gond zamindaris (estates) survived until recently. However, Gonds are similar to many tribal groups today in that they face severe economic hardships. Although some Gond groups own a great deal of land, others are classified as Scheduled Tribes, which means they need special social and economic help.

2 • LOCATION

Gonds live all over central India, and in the states of Maharashtra and Orissa. As "hill people," they traditionally have been associated with hills and uplands in the Deccan Peninsula. Many Gonds live around the Satpura Hills, Maikala Range and Son-Deogarh uplands, and on the Bastar plateau. Many Gond tribes also live in the Garhjat Hills of northern Orissa. The upland areas generally lie between 2,000 to 3,000 feet (600 to 900 meters), with isolated peaks occasionally exceeding approximately 4,000 feet (1,200 meters). The region is drained by the head-waters of many of India's major rivers (such as the Narmada, Tapti, Son, Mahanadi, and Godavari). Forest cover is dense in places, and communications are generally difficult. February sees the start of the hot season, with temperatures rising to over 40° C (104° F) in early June. The summer brings the monsoon rains, with precipitation amounts varying from 47 inches (120 centimeters) to over 63 inches (160 centimeters) in the more southeasterly locations. Late September marks the return of the cool, dry weather of winter.

3 • LANGUAGE

Gondi belongs to the Dravidian family of languages and is related to Tamil and Kannada. The language offers a cultural connection between the many Gond groups. Many Gonds also speak Hindi, Marathi, or Telegu.

4 • FOLKLORE

Hereditary bards and professional storytellers called Pardhans tell stories about Gond legends and myths. This makes for a rich oral tradition. In these stories, it is said that when Gond gods were born, their mother abandoned them. The goddess Parvati rescued them, but her consort Sri Shambhu Mahadeo (Shiva) kept them captive in a cave. Pahandi Kapar Lingal, a Gond hero, who received help from the goddess Jangu Bai, rescued them from the cave. They came out of the cave in four groups, thus laying the foundations of the basic fourfold division of Gond society. Lingal also is responsible for creating a Gond kinship system and establishing a group of great Gond gods.

5 • RELIGION

Persa Pen is the most distinctive feature of Gond religion. Like many other tribes, Gonds worship a high god known as Baradeo, whose alternate names are Bhagavan, Sri Shambu Mahadeo, and Persa Pen. Baradeo oversees activities of lesser gods. He is respected but he does not receive fervent devotion, which is shown only to clan deities. Each Gond clan has its Persa Pen, who protects all clan members. The Persa Pen is essentially good but can be dangerous and violent. Many Gonds believe that when a Pardhan (bard) plays his fiddle, the deity's fierce powers can be controlled.

Each village has its Village-Guardian and Village-Mother who are worshipped when villagers celebrate regular festivities. Gonds also worship family and household gods, gods of the field, and gods of cattle. Deities such as Shitala Mata, goddess of smallpox, help ward off disease. Spirits are also believed to inhabit hills, rivers, lakes and trees.

Village priests (devari), perform sacrifices and rituals for village festivals. The head of a household typically carries out family ceremonies. Clan priests (katora) tend the shrine and ritual objects of the clan's Persa Pen. These priests also guard the sacred spear point and organize annual festivals.

Most aspects of Gond life, from the greatest festivals to the building of a new cattle shed, are accompanied by sacrifice. Certain deities, especially female ones, demand chickens, goats, and sometimes male buffaloes. Every nine or twelve years, Gonds sacrifice a pig to the god Narayan Deo in an important ceremony known as the Laru Kaj (Pig's Wedding). Other rituals also involve offerings of fruits, coconuts, flowers, colored powder, and strings.

Gonds believe evil spirits and the gods' displeasure cause most diseases and misfortunes. They ask soothsayers and diviners to find out the cause of problems and to suggest remedies. Sometimes, magicians and shamans (healers) can provide this advice. Magicians use special formulas to control the actions of a deity or spirit that is causing a particular affliction. Shamans fall into a trance and give voice to the demands of an offended god or spirit.

6 • MAJOR HOLIDAYS

Many Gond festivals are connected to agriculture. Pola, a cattle festival, and Nagpanchami, the snake festival, are very popular.

Dasahara is an important Gond holiday. A Gond custom is stick dancing undertaken by young people. Bands of young people travel from village to village, dancing and singing. The dancing is a religious duty. It is also an occasion for fun.

7 • RITES OF PASSAGE

Gonds protect pregnant women against spells and evil influences, and perform several rituals after a baby is born. A mother's brother generally names a baby boy, while the father's sister names a girl. Children grow up as part of a family, clan, and phratry (one of the four main divisions of Gond society), and gradually learn the ways of their people. Both boys and girls help guard family crops from birds and monkeys. Males undergo a ritual shaving of the beard, mustache, and eyebrows as a sign of adulthood. Girls are considered full-grown at their first menstruation.

Gonds cremate or bury their dead. Children, unmarried persons, and individuals dying an inauspicious death (for instance, in an epidemic) are buried without much ceremony. Gonds believe humans have a life force and a spirit. On death, the life force is reincarnated into another earthly existence, but the spirit remains in the other world. Gonds perform death rituals to help the spirit move into the other world and to ease its acceptance by other clan spirits. This rite, known as karun , must be done to fulfill an obligation to the deceased. Memorial pillars honor the dead. Gonds believe ancestral spirits watch over the living, punish offenders, and guard Gond communities.

8 • RELATIONSHIPS

Gonds welcome visitors with dried tobacco leaves, fruits, or other small gifts. Many villages have guest huts.

9 • LIVING CONDITIONS

Each Gond village has a headman (known by local names such as mukhia, mahji, or patel ) and a village council (panchayat) chosen by the villagers. The council consists of the headman, priest, village watchman, and four or five elders. It helps keep the village running smoothly and upholds Gond customs. Villages also have service castes such as Ahir (cowherds), Agaria (blacksmiths), Dhulia (drummers), and Pardhan (bards and singers).

A typical Gond village has several hamlets. Each consists of homesteads that house extended families. Houses are usually built of mud and thatch. They consist of a living room, kitchen, veranda, a special room for women to use while menstruating, and a shrine for clan gods.

Gond houses contain cots and a few wooden stools; mats are used for sitting and sleeping.

10 • FAMILY LIFE

Gond society is divided into four groups known as phratries or sagas in Gondi. Each saga traces its descent to one of the four groups of gods who emerged from the cave after their release by the hero Lingal. The saga is divided into several clans (pari) . A clan consists of a group of people who believe they share a common ancestor. Generally, it is good to marry outside the clan.

Kinship and marriage customs among Gonds reflect broader regional patterns. The norm is cross-cousin marriage (for example, marrying one's mother's brother's daughter), which is typical in southern India. Gond groups that have been influenced by northern peoples such as Marathas, however, follow northern customs in determining marriage partners. Similarly, northern Gonds allow widows to remarry a brother of the deceased husband.

Gonds typically choose their marriage mates, and a tribal council approves the matches. The father of a groom pays a bride price. Gond weddings include many significant ceremonies. The main part of the wedding occurs when the bride and groom walk seven times around a wedding post. Newlyweds live with the groom's family until it is possible for them to move into a house of their own.

Sometimes, Gond matches are made when a groom and bride elope. These marriages must be approved later by relatives and the village council. The council also can approve divorces.

11 • CLOTHING

Gond men typically wear the dhoti, or loincloth. The dhoti is a long piece of white cotton cloth wrapped around the waist and then drawn between the legs and tucked into the waist. Women wear a cotton sari (a length of fabric wrapped around the waist, with one end thrown over the right shoulder) and choli (tight-fitting, cropped blouse).

12 • FOOD

The staples of the Gond diet are two millets known as kodo and kutki . These are either boiled to a broth or cooked to a dry cereal. Broth is preferred for the first two meals of the day and the dry cereal is eaten at night, often with vegetables. Vegetables are either grown in gardens or collected from forests along with roots and tubers. Honey is also gathered from forests.

Rice is a luxury item that Gonds enjoy during feasts and festivals. Most Gonds like meat. Animals sacrificed at ceremonies are eagerly consumed, and animals hunted in the forest supplement the diet. Gonds must abstain from the flesh of animals that are their clan totems.

Gonds grow tobacco for smoking and for celebrations make liquor from the mahua tree.

13 • EDUCATION

Literacy (percentage of the population who can read and write) among Gonds varies from just over 25 percent in Maharashtra to less than 15 percent in Madhya Pradesh. Among females in Madhya Pradesh, it drops to about 4 percent. Few children attend school regularly, and girls rarely continue past primary school.

14 • CULTURAL HERITAGE

Gonds celebrate most festive occasions with song and dance. In some instances, such as with the Dandari dancers, dances retell events from Gond mythology. At other times, dances are performed simply for fun. Dhulia are a professional musician caste and Pardhans (bards) preserve legends, myths, and history, passing these traditions on from generation to generation. Gonds also enjoy assembling on full-moon nights to sing and dance. Cockfighting is a favorite pastime.

Both men and women enjoy wearing heavy silver ornaments. Women also like to wear colored glass bangles and marriage necklaces made of small black beads. They often tattoo their bodies.

15 • EMPLOYMENT

Gonds today are mainly farmers. Although some Gond communities have risen to the status of landowners, many are landless laborers.

16 • SPORTS

No sporting activities are associated with traditional Gond society.

17 • RECREATION

Gonds enjoy singing and dancing. Some also enjoy cock-fighting (battle between two roosters, with spectators placing bets on the outcome).

18 • CRAFTS AND HOBBIES

Gonds have a rich arts tradition that includes pottery, basket making, body tattooing, and floor painting. They paint designs in red and black on the walls of their houses. These drawings often celebrate festivals and depict animals, birds, human figures, hunting, and dancing. Gonds make musical instruments. They carve memorial pillars in wood and stone for their dead. They often decorate houses with carved doors and panels.

19 • SOCIAL PROBLEMS

Gonds face problems typical of tribal peoples throughout South Asia and much of the world. They suffer exploitation and discrimination, and often are forced to live on less productive lands in remote areas. They are experiencing increasing pressure on their land, a rise in the number of landless laborers, and high levels of poverty. Lack of education and low levels of literacy further reduce economic opportunity.

20 • BIBLIOGRAPHY

Ardley, Bridget. India. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Silver Burdett Press, 1989.

Barker, Amanda. India. Crystal Lake, Ill.: Ribgy Interactive Library, 1996.

Cumming, David. India. New York: Bookwright, 1991.

Das, Prodeepta. Inside India. New York: F. Watts, 1990.

Dolcini, Donatella. India in the Islamic Era and Southeast Asia (8th to 19th century). Austin, Tex.: Raintree Steck-Vaughn, 1997.

Kalman, Bobbie. India: The Culture. Toronto: Crabtree Publishing Co., 1990.

Pandian, Jacob. The Making of India and Indian Traditions. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1995.

Shalant, Phyllis. Look What We've Brought You from India: Crafts, Games, Recipes, Stories, and Other Cultural Activities from Indian Americans. Parsippany, N.J.: Julian Messner, 1998.

WEBSITES

Consulate General of India in New York. [Online] Available http://www.indiaserver.com/cginyc/ , 1998.

Embassy of India, Washington, D.C. [Online] Available http://www.indianembassy.org/ , 1998.

Interknowledge Corporation. [Online] Available http://www.interknowledge.com/india/ , 1998.

World Travel Guide. India. [Online] Available http://www.wtgonline.com/country/in/gen.html , 1998.



User Contributions:

Vanessa Fernandes
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Nov 16, 2007 @ 5:05 am
this is the most biggest load of rubbish i ever read in my entire life . it reaks . try to improve this please.THANK YOU.
sanjay chandel
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Dec 3, 2007 @ 11:11 am
i am very much impressed with the information given here, i salute all those who has done this wonderful job. tremondous effort has been put to bring out the rich culture of gond tribe. i feel there is lot more to do. keep it up.
lakhan gawale
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Jan 23, 2008 @ 7:07 am
FIRST OF ALL VERY THANKS today m feeling very proud that ''gondian''are on way of new tech.thanks 4 creating valuable information.........jai gondawana
Shailendra Mishra
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Apr 12, 2008 @ 2:14 pm
Good Information, kepping in mind that many of us do not know much about such a Magnificent culture. I have spent my formative years in and around Gondwanaland and have had chance of contact with these people. I agree with the author about his comments on economic and social deprivation of these people. Although, I don't find any of the comments in the article as outright misrepresentation or objectionable, I wonder what has prompted the first contributor of these comments- Vanessa Fernandes- to feel so. May I request the person concerned in this regard, Vanessa Fernandes, to bring to my notice his own views and enlighten me?
I specially appreciate the author for his ability to bring out the problems to the forefront. Thank You.
Shailendra Mishra
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Apr 12, 2008 @ 2:14 pm
Good Information, kepping in mind that many of us do not know much about such a Magnificent culture. I have spent my formative years in and around Gondwanaland and have had chance of contact with these people. I agree with the author about his comments on economic and social deprivation of these people. Although, I don't find any of the comments in the article as outright misrepresentation or objectionable, I wonder what has prompted the first contributor of these comments- Vanessa Fernandes- to feel so. May I request the person concerned in this regard, Vanessa Fernandes, to bring to my notice his own views and enlighten me?
I specially appreciate the author for his ability to bring out the problems to the forefront. Thank You.
Sandeep kumar netam
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May 1, 2008 @ 3:03 am
I am glad to know that some people interasted to lurn about gond culture. I also belonging gond culture and i proud that i am gond. Many person abuse our culture
but i informed that presrnt time they also stablish on there feet. gondi language is more encient instade with hindi and it is the mother language of all southindian language. they are hard worker and people can lurn to see there culture.
hemraj Marskole
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Jun 25, 2008 @ 1:13 pm
There is much more to say about Gonds.However presented information is appreciated.the gonds are prehistoric people.gonds know the origin of human life.etc.
Akshay
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Jul 2, 2008 @ 3:15 pm
This article is really touched me.

Thanks for such article
srishti arora
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Jul 21, 2008 @ 8:08 am
very good and interesting information and liked a lot
Athram. vijay kumar
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Aug 13, 2008 @ 2:14 pm
i am very happy to see the huge information regarding goundis, by this many of people can know our culture , i am really proud to say i am goundi....
gauri
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Sep 2, 2008 @ 10:10 am
GOOD INFORMATION. I WAS VERY HAPPY TO SEE SUCH A VAST INFORMATION
ABOUT GONDS
nabin kumar dharua
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Sep 8, 2008 @ 3:03 am
thanks a lot for giving such infomation about gond tribe.thanks a lot
fency
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Jun 28, 2009 @ 11:23 pm
thanks to all who has contributed for this information
i liked the information and could fing everything i was searching for
thanks a lot
rupsy
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Sep 22, 2009 @ 1:13 pm
This article is quite intersting which has enlightened me a bit..I really wanna to get sum more information regarding gondwana's. I would like to appreciate the author for an impressive begining...hope to know more about them....yeah I am aware wid ppl eating koudi kotki and living in such a backward areas hope they all will be educated and well established soon..thanx to u for this article
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May 22, 2010 @ 5:05 am
Very good & impressive information I Like it. After all gond's are great. They are well hunter's and forest residents.
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May 27, 2010 @ 3:03 am
I am very happy to get this information given here. Thanx to the ones who gave this valuable info.
THANX!
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Jul 9, 2010 @ 6:06 am
Great information abt gonds... i am happy to say my favorite singer Mr S.P.B is the eonly gond song singer in india
Amrut Maraskolhe
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Aug 7, 2010 @ 7:07 am
I m really touched about reading the real condition of Gondi people and i equally agree with the author. Thanks to him for his efferts.Being one of Gond I salute u BOSS, JAI SEVA
Arun Kadpate
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Aug 22, 2010 @ 6:06 am
Good information given by the authour, but still are many other areas which were not covered by the author. Thanks for providing valuable information about the Gond community. I AM PROUD TO BE A GOND. JAY SEWA!
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Sep 14, 2010 @ 1:01 am
There is much more to say about Gonds.However presented information is appreciated.the gonds are prehistoric people.gonds know the origin of human life.etc.
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Sep 28, 2010 @ 2:02 am
I am very happy to read about my culture.I am very thank to him about his work.
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Oct 10, 2010 @ 12:12 pm
very infomative
helped me in doin my project
thanx
hello dear friends, its very cul to watch some gud facts regarding our own gond caste.more over it surely help out us to communicate with each other.i am really very thankful to those people who designed this informative website.
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Dec 21, 2010 @ 4:04 am
Its really very good to envisage gong culture.I am very much proud to be GOND.I am really very thankful to the designers of this website..Vaman Rao Sidam,Adilabad, Andhrapradesh.
Ganesh
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Jan 10, 2011 @ 5:05 am
Thanx 4 this wonderful information.
It helped greatly in my history project about gonds.
Its gr8 2 about the tribal community.
Thanx again 4 this wonderful information.
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Jan 25, 2011 @ 1:01 am
Great informations, lot of thanks to d author.Being a gond im impressed by d article. A lot of hidden facts yet to be discovered,thanks for ur efforts.
kajoli
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Mar 19, 2011 @ 12:12 pm
i would like to know what ornaments and clothes they waer today - any photos i can see ? are these the same tribes that migrated to or were taken to the tea plantations during the times of the british ?
Frank Ossen
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May 4, 2011 @ 8:20 pm
Very interesting article about the Gonds. Some years ago I bought some "singing sticks" made from bamboo with three old 1 pice coins (the ones with the hole in the middle)in it on one end of each stick. The sticks are about one meter in lenght and beautifully decorated. If you swirl it around it produces beautiful "fluty" tones because of the wind going through it. I had been told that those "singing sticks" were made by the Gonds and used for goat herding. Can anyone tell me the Gondi name for these "singing sticks"?
Nandu
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May 9, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
THIS ARTICLE IS A GOOD RESOURCE FOR GAINING KNOWLEDGE.
THANX FOR PUBLISHING A NICE ARTICLE ON GONDS.
YOU CAN ALSO ADD FEW IMAGES OF THEM.
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Jun 14, 2011 @ 11:11 am
it was good nd very much helpful.the article was in very simple language nd formet which is easy to copy. thank you.
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Sep 4, 2011 @ 2:02 am
I have never read such a good information about gondian.
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Oct 7, 2011 @ 5:05 am
this info really heiped me in doing my project. it is agood info on gonds THANX!
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Nov 23, 2011 @ 4:04 am
Very good information. The Gond community is spread in land of Gondwana i.e. Gondwanaland. The Gond people gather in the month of February/March every year to perform the "Pooja" of their "Adya-Guru Paari Kupar Lingo" at the religious place called "Kachargarh" in Gondia Distt. of Maharashtra State, which is environmentally and naturally beautified place having huge cave, the biggest cave in India. Jai Sewa.
Kunendra uikey
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Dec 13, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
Thanx very much to give infomation about such a wonderful and easygoing cast.
mandy
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Jan 3, 2012 @ 12:00 am
it collected a lot of information and i got everything i needed for the project. but keep improving.all the best.
Soniya Madavi
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Jan 8, 2012 @ 12:00 am
I am thankfull to the organizer of this site!
thank u, for defining my culture & moral values.
I feel proud to be a GOND.
yudhisthira singh
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Jan 23, 2012 @ 12:00 am
No dobut the Article has covered allmost many things of Gonds the largest tribe of South Asia.I am proud to be a GOND.My thanks to the author for his valuable informations and the pain he has taken to collect so many thigs of this warrior & religious tribe.
poonam uikey
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Mar 21, 2012 @ 2:02 am
its great to know about our culture, tradition and history thanks a lot for this information
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Jun 14, 2012 @ 12:00 am
Proud to b a gond... It's gud to see that people respect our religon .
kapil kumre
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Jul 18, 2012 @ 2:02 am
Thanx to share this amazing information about gond religion..i proud to be my self i am a gond..jay seva
Jyoti prasad sah Gond
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Jul 24, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
You giv me history and i thank to say that you give me past.
ruchitha
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Aug 21, 2012 @ 11:11 am
THE GONDS ARE ONE OF THE LARGEST TRIBES OF INDIA. THE WORD GOND COMES FROM THE WORD KOND WHICH MEANS GREEN MOUNTAINS .AND THANX TO SHARE THIS INFORMATION TO ALL.
manthra
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Sep 25, 2012 @ 7:07 am
I GOT A LOT OF INFORMATION BY READING THIS WEBSITE.THANKS.I WOULD LIKE TO SHARE A POINT WHICH I KNOW ABOUT GONDS-RANI DURGAVATI WAS THE GREATEST RULER OF THE GONDS.
suresh garud
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Oct 11, 2012 @ 11:11 am
please inform me about the concept, belief,images history,evolution.of body art in tribal area of gond.
santana
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Oct 25, 2012 @ 1:13 pm
that's a great document but i need a help i want to learn more about gond's houses how they build them what they use the way they live with the society..
DS Rawat
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Oct 27, 2012 @ 4:04 am
How the deforestation is affecting gond tribe and what steps the gonds themselves are taking to stop deforestation?
neha
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Oct 29, 2012 @ 10:10 am
realy nice very very good this is written in nice way we understand this
narottam singh chhedaiha
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Nov 11, 2012 @ 10:10 am
Really,it provided vry much info. abt gond tribes...m vry happy to know abt d history of gond tribes.
vidit agrawal
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Dec 31, 2012 @ 6:06 am
i want lifestyle of gond tribe but it has not given in any of the website
Anil
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Mar 21, 2013 @ 3:15 pm
Thanks for giving this valuable iformation. really impressive work, but i want to know their history, where from they came here. what is their own language. It seems old Aramaic language or you can say Brahmi language. and other rituals and cultural aspects. cna you help me.
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Mar 26, 2013 @ 4:04 am
Really its to much appreciable for GOND COMMUNITY and in fact i salute to that person who have invented this reality of GOND COMMUNITY.
soman
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May 16, 2013 @ 9:09 am
This is the best information.I like it very much. Thanks very much for giving this.
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May 17, 2013 @ 10:22 pm
I am happy to know this site & information.I want to know more about gonds history.Please tell me it.Thanks.
jahnavi
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May 18, 2013 @ 12:12 pm
i am happy get get quite a bit of information reguarding my social project.
PURVAI
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May 23, 2013 @ 3:03 am
i am impressed after knowing about gonds and this info is valuable and its wow
Prashant Shah
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Jun 7, 2013 @ 3:15 pm
Thanx for such a information. The Gonds culture is Magnificant and ancient one. Government should look after the statues, buildings, art made by Gonds as these arts, buildings are older than Taj Mahal and red Fort. Ancient arts are more precious. So govt. and people must conserve gondi arts.
Ranjitkumar madavi
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Jun 12, 2013 @ 2:02 am
Thanx to all the people who has given such effort to bring out our culture and give me enough information abt GOND tribe
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Jun 16, 2013 @ 5:05 am
Rougly fabolus this is s awosome thanx for helping me in my project
Kartik
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Jun 20, 2013 @ 10:22 pm
Is there any famous hero of the Gond tribe who fought against the British? I need this for my project so HELP!
shivank
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Nov 12, 2013 @ 5:05 am
Good Information, kepping in mind that many of us do not know much about such a Magnificent culture. I have spent my formative years in and around Gondwanaland and have had chance of contact with these people. I agree with the author about his comments on economic and social deprivation of these people. Although, I don't find any of the comments in the article as outright misrepresentation or objectionable, I wonder what has prompted the first contributor of these comments- Vanessa Fernandes- to feel so. May I request the person concerned in this regard, Vanessa Fernandes, to bring to my notice his own views and enlighten me?
I specially appreciate the author for his ability to bring out the problems to the forefront. Thank You.
Report this comment as inappropriate
Nov 20, 2013 @ 3:03 am
i am very happy to know about my roots it is historic as well as remarkable .its uniqe i am happy that i am a part of gond community.i thankfull for this website welldon and day night grow up its my wish.
Anonymous
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Nov 30, 2013 @ 11:11 am
Awesome website,helped me a lot (for my project)this is better than Wikipedia .
A.R.M
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Dec 23, 2013 @ 2:02 am
I am semi-happy to add my opinion on the Gonds.As we can understand that the Gonds were the great or landowners,kings in some provinces in India ex,central province in India.A question creates here in mind that if at the time of ancient,middle period they were the kings(for e.g during 16th to 18th century),how reduced or destroyed their kingdoms and hence kings,landowners of the history became the Landless and now identified as " Vulnerable,Backword Community".This is the agony of the Gonds' history.
shashank gupta
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Dec 27, 2013 @ 9:21 pm
thanks for the information needed it for class project.but no images
K.S.
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Jan 7, 2014 @ 2:02 am
thank you very much... it helped me with a school project...
Kailash Chandra Naik (Keonjhar, Odisha)
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Jan 10, 2014 @ 5:05 am
THANKS FOR THE INFORMATION. I READ EVERY DAY THIS WEBSITE AND ANXIOUSLY SEARCHING OUR HISTORY AND BEFORE INDEPENDENT OF OUR LIFE STYLE.
praveen d k
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Jan 19, 2014 @ 8:08 am
I am impress about real S.T culture,tradition & amazing history my salute to real gond
ishika
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Aug 15, 2014 @ 11:11 am
It was really helpful for me! Thanks a lot!!!I am impressed a lot to know more abot this tribal group- Gond!!
ADV. VISHAL RAMJEE SURPAM
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Sep 6, 2014 @ 8:08 am
A very good article to read and be happy. But if we really feel proud about the rich gond tribal religion, then everyone of the community should follow the rites and rituals of the gond religion from our soul and heart. We should come together and spread this most practical religion. We should promote our sweet gondi language. It is our responsibility to pass the history, culture, tradition, language of gond religion to our coming generation. Its time to rise high. JAI SEVA, JAI GONDWANA.
101198
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Oct 11, 2014 @ 9:09 am
THANK YOU! for this article... this helped me alot in my project work
letter
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Oct 28, 2014 @ 8:08 am
Thanks!it helped me a lot in my project work and attaining good Marks

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