Mauritania

The people of Mauritania are called Mauritanians. Members of the main ethnic group, the Maures (also called Moors or Maurs), speak Hassaniyya Arabic (a dialect of Arabic).

Mauritanians

Mexico

The people of Mexico are called Mexicans. About 75 percent are mestizoes, a mixture of Amerindian (native people) and Spanish heritage.

Mexicans

Maya

Micronesia

The islanders of Micronesia are called Micronesians. A small number are of Polynesian descent.

Micronesians

Moldova

The people of Moldova are called Moldovans. About 65 percent are ethnic Moldovans.

Moldovans

Monaco

The people of Monaco are called Monégasques. The native-born population is about 15 percent of the total.

Monégasques

Mongolia

Almost 90 percent of the population of Mongolia are Mongols. The Kazaks are the leading minority group, making up about 6 percent of the population.

Mongols

Ewenki

Morocco

Berbers make up about 34 percent of the population, and Arabs, 66 percent. In the past, the Jewish community played a significant role in the economic life of Morocco, but its numbers have decreased as many have emigrated to Israel since it was established in 1948.

Moroccans

Mozambique

The people of Mozambique are called Mozambicans. There are ten major ethnic groups.

Mozambicans

Myanmar

The people of Myanmar are called Burmese. The population is comprised of a number of ethnic groups.

Burman

Karens

Shans

Namibia

The people of Namibia are called Namibians. The largest ethnic group is the Ovambo, who live in northen Namibia and number about 665,000.

Namibians

Nepal

The people of Nepal are called Nepalis or Nepalese. Sherpas, the people who live in the Himalaya Mountains, have become well known as guides for mountain-climbing expeditions.

Nepalis

Sherpas

The Netherlands

The people of the Netherlands are called Netherlanders or Dutch. Ethnically, they are a unified people, but ethnic makeup changed slightly in the 1980s and 1990s when about 300,000 immigrants and returning Dutch arrived from from Indonesia, and more than 140,000 arrived from Suriname.

Netherlanders

Frisians

New Zealand

The people of New Zealand are called New Zealanders. About 80 percent of the population is classified as European; the majority are of British descent.

New Zealanders

Maori

Polynesians

Nicaragua

The people of Nicaragua are called Nicaraguans. The population is estimated to be about 70 percent mestizo (mixture of white and Amerindian or native), 14 percent white, and 13 percent black.

Nicaraguans

Sumu and Miskito

Niger

The people of Niger are called Nigeriens. The Hausa are the largest ethnic group living in Niger, forming 53 percent of the total population.

Nigeriens

Tuareg

Nigeria

The people of Nigeria are called Nigerians. The main ethnic groups, distinguished by different languages, are the Hausa, the Igbo (Ibo), the Yoruba, and the Fulani.

Nigerians

Hausa

Igbo

Yoruba