Afrikaners - History and Cultural Relations



Besides language, one of the defining characteristics of Afrikaners is their history. Many of the earlier settlers moved away from Cape Town, in part because of their resistance to Dutch and British rule, but also because of their attraction to their new environment. Their relations with the indigenous populations were mixed. They had generally good relations with the Khoi-khoi (Hottentots) and the San, but there was a mutual distrust and fear between the "trekkers," as the inland settlers came to be called, and the Xhosa. Based on these experiences, as well as a strong Christian (Calvinist) faith, Afrikaners came to believe that the only possible relationship between Blacks and Whites was master to slave or enemy to enemy.

A pivotal event, or series of events, in Afrikaner history was the northeasterly migration of the trekkers, or Voortrekkers (the pioneers). Precipitated by a number of conditions, including the annexation of Cape Town by the British, unpopular British regulations, and the emancipation of slaves, this "Great Trek" began in 1835. The Voortrekkers founded the republics of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State, establishing constitutions that disallowed racial equality in church or state. Along the way, the Voortrekkers defeated the powerful Zulu nation, after its leader, Dingane, killed Pieter Retief and his party while they were his guests. Their deaths were avenged on 16 December 1838 at the Battle of Blood River; the date is now celebrated as a national holiday.

Another important event in Afrikaner history was the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902), which was precipitated by conflicts between British gold seekers and Afrikaner farmers. Although the British won this war, it had the effect of creating an Afrikaner nation by providing a reason for Afrikaners of the Cape Colony to unite with Afrikaners who lived inland. The British soon restored self-rule to the two republics and convened a convention to plan the Union of South Africa. There were no Black representatives at the convention, and only White voters were allowed to vote on the ratification of the new constitution of South Africa. The Commonwealth country that was created established a color bar that literally prohibited Blacks or Coloureds from participating as equal members in the society. Britain sanctioned this policy by approving the formation of the Union of South Africa in the British Parliament.

The founding of the National party in 1914 is an important event in Afrikaner history, because that party played a major role in the policy that became known as "apartheid." When General Hertzog, the founder of the party (although later rejected by it), was elected prime minister in 1924, a number of policies were initiated that divided the Afrikaans-speaking people from the English-speaking people, as well as from all other people in the country. Afrikaans superseded Dutch as one of the two official languages. The separation of children by color in the schools became more absolute, and Afrikaners began to predominate in many official organizations, such as the South African Police and the civil service. The most powerful of all Afrikaner bodies at this time was the secret Broederbond (League of Brothers), consisting of the elite, the thinkers, and the philosophers of Afrikanerdom. They planned and worked for radical changes in South African society, which they were able to accomplish when, for the first time, they were able to bring to power one of their own, in 1948. In that year the first candidate, Dr. Daniel François Malan, who had the overwhelming support of the National party, was elected prime minister. His government was dedicated to achieving sovereign independence and the preservation of Afrikanerdom and the White race through apartheid. He began what many believe was a total restructuring of South African society, including the political, social, educational, and cultural separation of races. He carried out this transformation through a series of acts, including the Mixed Marriages Act, which prohibited marriages between the races, the Immorality Act, which prohibited sexual relations between the races, the Group Areas Act, which defined where people of different races could live, and the Population Registration Act, which determined the racial category of every person in the country.


User Contributions:

1
Jameela
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Feb 19, 2013 @ 1:01 am
I just wanted to know what the name of the day was on the 16th of December (The Day of Reconciliation).
2
David Boerseun
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Apr 29, 2019 @ 8:08 am
I find it oppressive that the article implies that the terms "Boers" and "Afrikaners" are used as different terms for the same group of people, which is an utter lie. This is evidence of the grave situation that the Boers find themselves in today - totally subjugated and oppressed by the Afrikaners, wehom are the descendants of the Cape Dutch, while the Boers are the descendants of the "Freeburghers" whom fled Europe because of the oppression of those whom were NOT party to the Church Reformation nor the subjugation to the pope of the Roman Catholisism.

THough the popular perception is that because both these groups are white and Afrikaans speaking, that they are one and the same, a little abandoning of the popular myth and a review of the true history of the events, will clearly show the evidence that the Cape Dutch Afrikaners were the prime instigators, agitators and enticers of the Two Anglo Boer Wars. The Cape Dutch Afrikaners wanted a WAR and the subjugation of the Boers, at all costs - even a conspiracy against the Boers with the Rothschilds, after the British could not subjugate the Boers in spite of a >10:1 in the battlefields.

There are numerous evidence to this in archives across the globe. One of these is the book Origin of the Anglo Boer War: The Great 19th Century Conspiracy, by CH Thomas. A search on Gutenberg Book will provide access to this book..
In an article by a correspondent, Adriana Stuijt, she draws some (but not all) distinction in this article: Boer, Afrikaner or White. Which Are You ? – Boervolk Waarheid.
It must also be noted that there were NO Afrikaners present at the Battle of Blood River. The ONLY "Afrikaners" at that instant in history was the famile of "Jonker Afrikaner" a tribe of people of mixed descent.

The Cape Dutch Afrikaners have since the 31st May 1910, continued with the genocide of the Boers in a very subtle and inhumane process, which can be discovered by doing an in depth research into these atrocities under the guise of "industrial strife" and wars.

If required, I will make my assistance available to corret the abhorrent errors in this article. This abhorrant guise of the Cape Dutch Afrikaners must be stopped.

Thank you.
David Boerseun

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