Jews of Yemen - Exodus and Emigration to Israel

The Jews of Yemen always maintained the idea that they were living in exile ( galut ) from their true home, the Land of Israel (or Zion). When the new Jewish state of Israel was established in 1948, it became possible for them to put their ideology into practice. Almost all the Jews of southern Arabia left for Israel, walking or riding to a point near Aden, where they met Israelis who arranged to transport them to the Holy Land in airplanes. (The airlift was called "On Wings of Eagles," after prophecies in the Bible.)

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