Tiv - Religion and Expressive Culture

Religious Beliefs. The Tiv recognize an otiose god called Aondo (Sky) who created the universe, but they do not postulate that he has any current interest in them. They acknowledge ancestral spirits and, sometimes, make offerings to them—but do not pray to them or regard them as either good or evil. Evil is to be found in the hearts of human beings—it is called tsav. Tsav, set in motion by evil men using forces that the Tiv call akombo, caused misfortune. Each akombo is a disease or symptom, as well as being a set of special symbols. The ritual task is, by sacrifice and medicines, to keep the akombo repaired.

Religious Practitioners. The Tiv utilize diviners. Most Tiv men also come to be masters of at least some akombo, a few of many akombo. A man who has mastered an akombo carries out rites when that akombo is implicated in a curing ceremony.

Ceremonies. Akombo ceremonies are performed in order that individual people (and, very occasionally, communities) can recover from illness already manifest or else may prosper in general.

Arts. The Tiv decorate almost everything. They produce some sculpture, little of it of the high quality that is known in much West African art.

Medicine. Herbal medicines are known to most Tiv elders. The masters of specific akombo specialize in the medicines associated with that akombo. Only after the akombo ceremony is carried out can the medicine be effective.

Death and Afterlife. The Tiv say that they do not know whether there is an afterlife and that a funeral ceremony is like calling down the path to a person who is departing—one cannot be sure how much of the message the person heard.

Also read article about Tiv from Wikipedia

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Nov 19, 2011 @ 5:05 am
The Tiv do believe in life after death. This is shown in many ways and situation: (1)When an old man, that is the man who has lived to what is expected to be the fulness of live, and he dies a natural death (ku u anange) then the (ilyu) is sounded calling on (Takuruku) who is believed to be the father of Tiv, To come forward and recieve the brother (anngyor) at (kumun u tamen). Kumun acording to the Tiv means a sort of another world where all the Tiv ancestors stay after death. (2)In many Tiv oral stories they talk about (Mbakuv) That is a kindred of the dead. In their stories these people can come out to do good or evil to the living. In some cases acording to the Tiv people, if you ofend any of your ancestors and you believe that you are running into problems as a result your actions, you will go to the grave and plead to your dead ancestor for forgiveness. (3)The Tiv also believe that our dead ancestors,long after any trace of them is forgoten, may ocatoinaly visit their people (tsombol) as strangers and go back unknown to the people. thi is just to mention These few examples. Another issue is that the Tiv know God in a direct way.they believe in God of creation (GbaAondo)They have the believe that in what ever we do it should be acording to what the creation expect it to be, that if you deviate you will run into problems of which will be in the form of misfortune, badluck or even death, unless you ratify the problem by undertaking certain (akombo) retuals to free your self. The most self justification Tiv undertake is the pronouncement of innocence (Cia i tan)To show all your people that you have kept to (GbaAondo) That since you lived in your sociaty yoy have not broken their rules, not taken somebodies wife, you have not spoiled sombodies child nor recieved somthing from somebody by force etc.
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Feb 10, 2013 @ 9:21 pm
please i would want to know the origin of man as reccorded by the Tiv people. Who is Takuruku to the tiv people?
Benjamin Jesse Ifan
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Aug 14, 2019 @ 2:02 am
Yotam Iko, I really love your analysis of some of this points kindly send me your contact. I need to know more about the Tsav in Tiv land. Thanks

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