ETHNONYMS: Much of the literature uses "Azande." Some early writers refer to the "Niam-Niam," but this term is now regarded as inaccurate. The westernmost groups call themselves "Nzakara" and are so termed in the literature.


Baxter, P. T. W., and A. Butt (1953). The Azande and Related Peoples of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and the Belgian Congo. London: International African Institute.

Calonne-Beaufaict, A. de (1921). Azande. Brussels: Lamertin.

Dampierre, E. de (1967). Un ancien royaume bandia du Haut-Oubangui. Paris: Plon.

Evans-Pritchard, E. E. (1937). Witchcraft, Oracles, and Magic among the Azande. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Evans-Pritchard, E. E. (1971). The Azande. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Greenberg, Joseph H. (1963). The Languages of Africa. Indiana University Research Center in Anthropology, Folklore, and Linguistics, Publication no. 25. The Hague: Mouton.

Lagae, C. R. (1926). Les azande ou niam-niam. Brussels: Vromant.


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