The Ifugao are a rice-growing people who live in a mountainous region of Luzon in the Philippines. The Ifugao homeland of Ifugao Province (17° N, 121° E) occupies less than 750 square miles in the center of northern Luzon. Of the 106,794 Ifugao in 1970, 25,379 lived outside the province of Ifugao. Population density may reach 400 per square mile. The Ifugao language is Austronesian and is most closely related to Bontok and Kankanai.