The Muna (Mina, Moenanezen, To Muna), numbering about 200,000 in 1977, live on Muna Island, adjacent to Buton, south of the southeastern peninsula of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Muna is classified in the West Indonesian Group of the Austronesian Language Family. Plaited-grass houses, raised on piles, formerly were scattered among the swiddens. The only large settlement is the capital, Kota Muna. Maize is the staple crop, supplemented by sweet potato, sugarcane, and vegetables. Muna was ruled by the Butung sultanate from the coming of Islam at the end of the sixteenth century until the early twentieth century.

See also Butonese


LeBar, Frank M. (1972). "Muna." In Ethnic Groups of Insular Southeast Asia, edited by Frank M. LeBar. Vol. 1, Indonesia, Andaman Islands, and Madagascar, 144-145. New Haven: HRAF Press.

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