ETHNONYMS: Horahane, Roma, Tsigani
Kinship is reckoned bilaterally with more attachment to the patrilineal side due to patrilocal residence after marriage. Personal names depict kin relations for one or two generations. Muslim names were forcibly changed to Slavic names in the 1970s as part of the government assimilation program. Official Slavic names, however, are rarely, if ever, used.
Crowe, David, and John Kolsti (1991). The Gypsies of Eastern Europe. Arkmonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe.
Georgieva, Ivanichka (1966). "Izsledvanija vurhu bita i kultura na Bulgarskite Tsigani v Sliven." Izvestija na Etnografskija Institut i Muzej 9:25-47.
Marinov, Vasil (1962). "Nabljudenija vurhu bita na Tsigani v Bulgaria." Izvestija na Etnografskija Institut i Muzej 5: 227-275.
Silverman, Carol (1986). "Bulgarian Gypsies: Adaptation in a Socialist Context." Nomadic Peoples 21-22 (special issue):51-62.
Soulis, George C. (1961). The Gypsies in the Byzantine Empire and the Balkans in the Late Middle Ages. Dumbarton Oaks Papers, no. 15. Washington, D.C.