ETHNONYMS: Cicaque, Hicaque, Ikake, Taguaca, Taupane, Tol, Tolpan, Torrupan, Xicaque

The 8,600 or more Jicaque Indians live in Honduras. Their social and cultural situation today is the result of events that took place in the nineteenth century. At that time, the Catholic priest Manuel Jesús de Subiriana took many of the Jicaque to live in villages and taught them to grow maize; most of them became acculturated and eventually assimilated into the general society. Others, who did not go with the priest, became subsistence horticulturists in the Montaña de la Flor area and retained much of their traditional culture. Later, the federal government granted them a 760-hectare reservation.


Olson, James S. (1991). The Indians of Central and South America. New York: Greenwood Press.

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