Choctaw - Religion and Expressive Culture

Religious Beliefs. Choctaw traditional religion was largely unrecorded before early nineteenth-century Christian missionaries influenced traditional practices. The Choctaw maintain a deep faith in supernatural forces linking humans and other living creatures. The importance of maintaining harmony with nature, fellowmen, and the supernatural world is central to Choctaw beliefs. The status of a supreme being in traditional Choctaw religion prior to the spread of Christianity is not clear. Their belief in numerous animal and anthropomorphic spirits who influenced human affairs continued, however, after the coming of Christianity. Today the Baptist denomination predominates among Choctaw in Oklahoma and Mississippi.

Religious Practitioners. In aboriginal times, the influence of Choctaw prophets and doctors was considerable, and the belief in witchcraft was strong. By the nineteenth century, the influence of Christian Choctaw pastors was important in most Choctaw communities in Oklahoma and Mississippi.

Ceremonies. Choctaw ceremonies were similar to other Southeastern tribes, with the Green Corn ceremonies being most important. Observers noted that the Choctaw held fewer religious ceremonies and more social dances than their neighbors. Both dances and ceremonies were closely associated with the very popular stickball game similar to lacrosse.

Arts. In addition to their industrial arts, the Choctaw were well known for singing and storytelling. In addition to traditional music, the Choctaw enjoy country music.

Medicine. The Choctaw believe serious persistent illnesses to be a product of spiritual evil often associated with witchcraft. Curing consisted of herbal medicines, ritual purifications, and the enlistment of spirit helpers to drive out evil forces. Western clinical medicine is generally used today, but native Choctaw doctors are still consulted.

Death and Afterlife. Death, like disease, could be the result of either natural or supernatural forces. Choctaw believed in an afterworld to which spirits of the dead go and in which individuals experience reward or punishment depending on their life on earth. Funeral ceremonies are the most important life cycle ritual.

User Contributions:

kevin jones
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May 22, 2012 @ 12:00 am
More information about belief in death cermonies and death and after life? I need every thing on thier belief in living and dying.
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Nov 2, 2012 @ 1:13 pm
Just wanting to know a liittle more about my ancesters
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Sep 16, 2014 @ 2:14 pm
really helped on my school project. Needs a little more information
Anthony Murray
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Jan 31, 2015 @ 8:20 pm
My greatgrand farther name was Ned Redmond I realy would like to know more about my ancestry and cultural practice I feel out of place and don't know why I long for my greatgrand father who I never seen like a part of my life has been taken from me I'm 42 and still don't understand my life I'm lost like being cut off from my life line
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Jul 26, 2015 @ 10:22 pm
I want to do ceremonies and go all out native American style. I belie e I'm a shaman my great grandpa was one I want to study everything there is to know on my culture I've converted my spirituality to my native roots. I love it.
Theresa anne Tittle
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Jan 8, 2016 @ 4:04 am
I live in Fairbanks Alaska. Me and my brother was sent to Mississippi to a foster home. I waited my whole life to find out Im Choctaw!
Katie K
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Feb 1, 2017 @ 4:16 pm
Thanks for the great info. I learned so much more than before. Thanks Countries and their Cultures!
Paisha Porter
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Oct 23, 2017 @ 2:14 pm
I love this website and I'm going to come here now on
Antonio Gonzalez
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Dec 11, 2017 @ 1:13 pm
This is really good, Really good information.My classroom worked on this and i got an A+ on this
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Jul 9, 2018 @ 12:00 am
I just found out a few months ago that I was full blooded Choctaw and wanted to know more about my people but it is kind of weird almost as much as I can remember I have been interested in witchcraft and that they used it quite often
Spencer M
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Aug 2, 2018 @ 9:21 pm
Do you know if any other sites that are trustworthy where I could find out more, I’ve always wanted to learn more about the Choctaw culture and learn more about the beliefs my ancestors followed.
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Nov 26, 2018 @ 12:12 pm
Thanks. This helped website helped me with a school project.
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Sep 12, 2019 @ 10:10 am
This website helped me with the Choctaw religion.


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