The Kansa (Kaw, Hutanga) lived in the general area of the Kansas River in northeastern Kansas and in the adjoining part of Missouri. They now live in a federal trust area in north-central Oklahoma, where they are largely assimilated into the White community. They spoke a Dhegiha Siouan language and numbered about nine hundred in the 1980s.


Unrau, William E. (1971). The Kansa Indians: A History of the Wind People, 1673-1873. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

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