ETHNONYMS: Pani, Panzas, Pawni
Kin Groups and Descent. The basic kinship grouping among the Pawnee was a division into north and south, or winter and summer people. Membership in these divisions was inherited matrilineally. In games, religious ceremonies, and other social gatherings, the people were divided along hereditary lines.
Kinship Terminology. Kin terms followed the Crow System.
Hyde, George E. (1951). Pawnee Indians. Denver: University of Denver Press.
Murie, James R. (1914). Pawnee Indian Societies. American Museum of Natural History, Anthropological Papers H(4). New York.
Oswalt, Wendell H. (1966). "The Pawnee." In This Land Was Theirs: A Study of the North American Indian , edited by Wendell H. Oswalt, 239-289. New York: John Wiley.
Weltfish, Gene (1965). The Lost Universe. New York: Basic Books.
GERALD F. REID