ETHNONYMS: Maarulal (self-designation meaning "mountain language"); exoethnonyms: Avar, Haibulu, Khundzi Yarussa. The ethnonym "Avar" became established during the last thirty or forty years and comes from the literary tradition (medieval chronicles).

See also Andis


Aglarov, M. A. (1981). "Aus der Geschichte der awarischen Volksnamen." Münchner Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft 40.

Aglarov, M. A. (1988). Sel'skaia obshchina v nagornom Dagestane v XVlI-nach. XX vv (The village commune in mountain Daghestan in the 17th to the early 20th centuries). Moscow.

Akiner, Shirin (1986). Islamic Peoples of the Soviet Union: An Historical and Statistical Handbook. 2nd ed., 133-138. London: KPI.

Baklanov, N. B. (1924). "Khudozhestvennaia kul'tura Dagestana" (The artistic culture of Daghestan). Novyi Vostok, no. 5.

Bennigsen, Alexandre, and S. Enders Wimbush (1986). Muslims of the Soviet Empire: A Guide, 166-167. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Istoriia Dagestana (The history of Daghestan) (1967—1969). Vols. 1-4. Moscow: Nauka.

Movchan, G. Ia. (1972). "Sotsiologicheskaia kharakteristika starogo avarskogo zhilishcha" (The sociological characteristics of the old Avar dwelling). Kavkazskii Etnograficheskii Sbornik (Moscow and Leningrad) 5.

MAMAYKHAN A. AGLAROV (Translated by Paul Friedrich)

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