The Western-language literature on the society and culture of China is voluminous. Most of it deals with inner China and the Han Chinese. A few of China's minorities, such as Tibetans and Mongols, also have been intensively studied by Western scholars, but Western writings on most of the other minorities remain limited. We are therefore including some of the best of the Chinese sources. Below we list and discuss some basic references that will lead the reader to the larger body of literature.