ETHNONYMS: Self-designation: "Qumïq," from which derive the Russian and Nogay "Kumïk" and the Chechen "Ghumki"; in the languages of the mountain people of Daghestan the Kumyks are generally called "dwellers of the lowlands"


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Adzhiev, A. M. (1983). Kumykskaia narodnaia poeziia (Kumyk folk poetry). Makhachkala.

Akiner, Shirin (1986). Islamic Peoples of the Soviet Union: An Historical and Statistical Handbook. 2nd ed., 147-151. London: KPI.

Bennigsen, Alexandre, and S. Enders Wimbush (1986). Muslims of the Soviet Empire: A Guide, 169-170. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Gadzhieva, S. Sh. (1961). Kumyki (The Kumyks). Moscow.

Gadzhieva, S. Sh. (1981). Odezhda narodov Dagestana (The apparel of the peoples of Daghestan). Moscow: Nauka.

Gadzhieva, S. Sh. (1985). Sem'ia i brak u narodov Dagestana v XIX-nachalo XX v (Family and wedding among the peoples of Daghestan from the 19th to the beginning of the 20th century). Moscow: Nauka.

Istoriia Dagestana (The history of Daghestan) (1967-1969). Vols. 1-4. Moscow: Nauka.

SAKINAT SH. GADZHIEVA AND A. M. ADZHIEV (Translated by Paul Friedrich and Johanna Nichols)

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