ETHNONYMS: Giliak, Gilyak; Giriya(a)ku, Nibuhi, Nikubun (Japanese). Forms with final -i as in Nivkhi and Gilyaki are Russian plurals.
Black, Lydia (1973). "The Nivkh (Gilyak) of Sakhalin and the Lower Amur." Arctic Anthropology 10:1-110.
Engels, Frederick (1893). "A Recently Discovered Case of Group Marriage." In The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State, 238-214. Reprint. 1972. New York: International Publishers. (Contains a translation of Shternberg's note published in Russian in 1892.)
Ivanov, S. V., M. G. Levin, and A. V. Smolyak (based on data by A. M. Zolotarev) (1964). "The Nivkhi." In The Peoples of Siberia, edited by M. G. Levin and L. P. Potapov, 767-787. Translated by Stephen P. Dunn and Ethel Dunn. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Originally published in Russian in 1956.
Taksami, Ch. M. (1967). Nivkhi: Sovremennoe khozaistvo, kul'tura i byt (The Nivkhi: Present-day economy, culture, and mode of life). Leningrad: Nauka.