Kin Groups and Descent. Chiriguano society was based on the principle of an exogamous patrilineage living in a maloca (the smallest settlement unit). Each lineage held and allocated lands, maintained a system of alliances, regulated marriage, established reciprocity, and controlled conflict among lineage members. After colonial times uxorilocality replaced virilocality; patrilineality was maintained and villages continued to be constituted by extended-family groups.
Kinship Terminology. Kinship terminology is of the Hawaiian type.