ETHNONYMS: Catío, Chamí, Chocó, Cholo, Citarâ, Meme, Tahamí


Pardo, Mauricio (1983). "Transformaciones históricas en los indígenas chocó." Boletín de Antropología 2:17-19.

Ulloa, Elsa Astrid (1987). "Pintura facial embera: Expresión de indentidad." Trabajo de Campo. Bogotá: National University of Colombia.

Vargas Sarmiento, Patricia (1984). "La conquista tardía de un territorio aurífero: La reacción de los embera de la cuenca del Atrato a la conquista española." Graduation thesis, University of the Andes (Bogotá).

Vasco Uribe, Luis Guillermo (1985). Jai banás: Los verdaderos hombres. Bogotá: Banco Popular.

LUIS GUILLERMO VASCO URIBE (Translated by Ruth Gubler)

Also read article about Emberá from Wikipedia

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Jul 17, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
La Chunga (Straw Baskets)
Inside the tropical jungle of Panama, there are many plants and trees. One of the most important to mention is the chunga palm, or in the Embera dialect “jiwa”. It is a palm that grows very tall and has a lot of spines.
The chunga is widely used for its leaves and also its trunk, which serves as a post in a traditional Embera house. Embera women, as a legacy of their ancestors, have learned to weave beautiful baskets from the fibers of the leaves.

Cocobolo (Wood Carvings)
Cocobolo, a wood that comes from a tropical tree, is very important for the Embera people. The cocobolo carvings are made very delicately. The shape is inspired my many different species of animals. It is common to see works of birds, forest animals and canes.
All of the work is done manually . Children of 7 years of age to adults dedicate themselves to cocobolo carving.
The cocobolo tree grows in the tropics of Panama. It can grow as tall as approximately 30 meters. It is a very strong wood and resistant to termites. It is also used to make drums or to make a post in a traditional Embera house.

Tagua (Vegetable Ivory)
Tagua (vegetable ivory) comes from a palm that grows approximately 8 feet tall. In the year 1946, the ivory was used to make and export buttons.
The vegetable ivory tree can be found in the canal area of Panama.

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