ETHNONYMS: Guaica, Guajaribo, Shidishana, Shiriana, Shori, Waica, Waika, Yanoama, Yanomama, Yanomami, Xiriana

The names "Sanema" and "Sanima" are autodenominations of people to the north and east who are culturally and genetically very closely related and who speak a partially intelligible dialect of Yanomami.


Albert, B. (1988). "Temps du sang, temps des cendres: Représentation de la maladie, système ritual et espace politique chez les yanomami de sud-est (Amazonie brésilienne)." Ph.D. Dissertation, Université de Paris X—Nanterre.

Chagnon, Napoleon (1983). Yanomamö: The Fierce People. 3rd ed. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Chagnon, Napoleon (1990). "Reproductive and Somatic Conflict of Interest in the Genesis of Violence and Warfare among Tribesmen." In The Anthropology of War, edited by Jonathan J. Haas, 77-104. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Early, J., and R. Fox (1990). The Population Dynamics of the Mucajai Yanomama. San Diego: Academic Press.

Hames, Raymond (1983). "The Settlement Pattern of a Yanomamö Population Bloc: A Behavioral Ecological Interpretation." In Adaptive Responses of Native Amazonians, edited by Raymond Hames and William Vickers, 393-427. New York: Academic Press.

Lizot, J. (1984). "Histoire, organisation et évolution du peuplement yanomamî." L'Homme 24:5-40.

Ramos, Alcida R. (1987). "Reflecting on the Yanomami: Ethnographic Images and the Pursuit of the Exotic." Cultural Anthropology 2:284-304.

Wilbert, Johannes, and Karin Simoneau (1990). Folk Literature of the Yanomami Indians. Los Angeles: University of California, Latin American Center.


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