Zamindar - Kinship



Through biraderi (patrilineage), families maintain unity, which is very important in every aspect of life. Land is inherited from the male side by the sons; under normal circumstances none goes to the daughters. If a Zamindar dies Without leaving any sons, then his daughters will inherit. The selling of land cannot occur without consultations with Family members. A Zamindar must then establish a good reason, such as marriage or a need to pay off debts, and if the reason is accepted by others he may sell. The first option to purchase the land goes to his brother, then his brother's son, his Father's brother's son, or any biraderi kinfolk. Zamindars are greatly attached to their biraderi and their village. They prefer to keep land and village in the family, because newcomers do not feel as reliable to them. The strong attachment within a patrilineage enhances the prestige of every member. Inheritance through a mother is called nanki virsa, and people who inherit from a mother are considered outsiders. This latter situation is not the only basis of a woman's dominance in a household. A chief needs the support of his wife and mother to develop his status among his people. Women are in charge of money and the food of the household. Currently women are voicing their own needs, even though they may be hesitant to do so. For a woman to ask for her share of inheritance is a very risky situation, even though the law permits it, Because she is going against her brothers and traditionally such an action would destroy respect. The new law of equality in respect to inheritance has helped women to get their share and not feel guilty. Parents are also concerned about their daughters' education. It has become a strong prerequisite in choosing a respectable mate.

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