Kayapos






PRONUNCIATION: kay-AH-pohs

LOCATION: Brazil (Amazon jungle)

POPULATION: A few thousand

LANGUAGE: Kayapo

RELIGION: Traditional indigenous beliefs

1 • INTRODUCTION

The Kayapo Indians are one of the main Amerindian (native) groups that remain in the rain forest around the Amazon River in Brazil. The Kayapos resisted assimilation (absorption into the dominant culture) and were known traditionally as fierce warriors. They raided enemy tribes and sometimes fought among themselves.

Their first steady contact with Europeans did not occur until the 1950s. Since then, they have had contact with squatters (settlers with no land rights), loggers, miners, and eventually Brazilian government officials. Logging and mining, particularly for gold, have posed threats to the Kayapos' traditional way of life. Other threats have included agricultural activities and cattle-ranching in cleared-out sections of the jungle. The increasing destruction of the rain forest threatens the delicate balance between humans, plants, and animals successfully maintained for thousands of years by Amazon Indians such as the Kayapos.

2 • LOCATION

When the Portuguese conquerors first arrived in Brazil, there were about five million Amerindians. Today there are only about 200,000, of which a few thousand are Kayapos. They live along the Xingu River in the eastern part of the Amazon rain forest, in several scattered villages. Their lands consist of tropical rain forest and savanna (grassland). The Amazon basin, which includes the Amazon River and its tributaries such as the Xingu, is sometimes referred to as Amazonia. It includes parts of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

3 • LANGUAGE

The great diversity of Amerindian languages is partly due to groups of people living considerable distances from each other. Because of their relative isolation, groups developed distinct mythologies, religious customs, and languages. Even quite small groups such as the Kayapos are divided into smaller tribes with their own chiefs, although they all speak the Kayapo language. The pop star Sting (1951–) made the struggles of the Kayapo known to a wider world. One Kayapo chief, Raoni, left his Amazon homeland for a time and traveled widely with Sting. Another Kayapo who traveled with the musician was the panther-hunter N'goire.

4 • FOLKLORE

There is an interesting legend among the Kayapos who live along a lagoon. They say that if one rises at dawn and looks across the lagoon, one can see the ghost of a white man on horseback galloping along the shore. This ghostly rider is said to wear a full suit of armor, rather like a European knight, or perhaps a Portuguese conqueror.

The Kayapos believe their ancestors learned how to live communally from social insects such as bees. This is why mothers and children paint each other's bodies with patterns that look like animal or insect markings, including those of bees.

The flamboyant Kayapo headdress with feathers radiating outward represents the universe. Its shaft is a symbol for the cotton rope by which the first Kayapo, it is said, descended from the sky. Kayapo fields and villages are built in a circle to reflect the Kayapo belief in a round universe.

5 • RELIGION

The Kayapos believe that at death a person goes to the village of the dead, where people sleep during the day and hunt at night. There, old people become younger and children become older. In that village in the afterlife, Kayapos believe they have their own traditional assembly building. Kayapo women, it is thought, are permitted only short visits to deliver food to their male relatives.

6 • MAJOR HOLIDAYS

Special days for the Kayapos revolve around the seasons. In the Amazon, these are the dry season and the rainy season. Kayapo ceremonies are also linked to their holidays. For example, an initiation rite is held when a boy reaches puberty or when he receives, as a small boy, his special ancestral name. The important dry-season celebration called Bemp (after a local fish) also includes marriage rites as well as initiation and naming ceremonies. Kayapos do not divide their time into secular and religious occasions. The religious, natural, social, and festive elements are all interconnected.

7 • RITES OF PASSAGE

When children are born, the marriage ties between a husband and wife are formalized. A man may have two or three wives. Young children receive special ancestral names. Naming ceremonies are regarded as an important means of helping the child develop social ties and an identity as a Kayapo. The naming ceremonies are held in each dry or rainy season. Other seasonal rites include special dances or ceremonies related to the crops the Kayapos grow.

8 • RELATIONSHIPS

The Kayapos have a traditionally hospitable way of greeting visitors to their homes. Food is prepared by the women, and a bed made of bamboo is laid out for a guest. On occasions body paint is worn (usually geometric designs in black or red paint). Adornments such as shell earrings or brightly colored feathers decorate the head.

Ceremonial life is very important and continues year-round. Kayapos are often either in the midst of a ceremony or making preparations for the next one.

9 • LIVING CONDITIONS

The Kayapos live in thatched-roof huts without room divisions. The thatch for the roofs is made of palm leaves. The huts are quite roomy and large enough for an entire family. Instead of using mattresses, the bedding usually consists of hammocks. These are much cooler and more comfortable in a jungle environment.

Health protection is achieved through the use of medicinal roots and herbs. The Kayapos also have medicine men.

For transport the Kayapos use canoes to travel long distances in the Amazon. They can also trek for days or weeks at a time.

10 • FAMILY LIFE

Teenage women of the village are prime candidates for marriage. They usually select partners who are suggested by their families. Only after the birth of a child is the marriage formalized. Traditional birth control has been discouraged in recent years in order to increase the tribe's numbers.

The Kayapos live in large family groups in villages. The women harvest the family's garden for vegetables. They also prepare body paint with the help of their children. Color dyes are created from mixed fruits and charcoal. The men hunt and fish. Every husband will usually have between two and three wives, each with several children.

11 • CLOTHING

Traditionally men cover their lower abdomen with sheaths. The most striking ornamental addition to their attire is a light wooden lip disk about two-and-one-half inches (six centimeters) in diameter. The disk stretches their lower lip out to produce the Kayapos' extraordinary and very distinctive appearance. The usage of the lip disk is dying out among the younger men, who find it uncomfortable. In fact, younger men often wear Western-style shorts. This is due to increasing contact with Westernized Brazilians who have come to the Amazon to log, farm, or mine gold.

A Kayapo chief wears ceremonial feathers as part of his headdress. A headdress made out of bright golden-yellow feathers looks like the rays of the sun. Particular family links are indicated by the use of matching parrot feathers. The feathers signify initiation into adulthood. Other ornaments include beads, cotton bands, or shells, which women also wear.

Girls and boys wear colored cloth bands of various bright colors. These are tied and sometimes knotted below the waist or crisscrossed across the chest. They also wear ornaments such as beaded necklaces, wrist-bands, and armbands. Young Kayapos are usually barefoot. Some Kayapo chiefs occasionally wear Western-style thonged rubber sandals.

Body paint is an important addition for men, women, and children alike. It is not a casual form of make-up. The specific markings and occasions for wearing it are linked to particular rituals and activities.

12 • FOOD

Fish is a main source of protein in the Kayapos' diet. Wild fruits and Brazil nuts are eaten. Vegetables are harvested, and animals such as monkey and turtle are hunted. Some animals are eaten rarely except during festivals. Kayapos are skilled hunters. They use blowguns and darts dipped in a type of poison called curare, which instantly paralyzes an animal.

Due to greater contact with the world outside their own culture, Kayapos are changing their diet. They can now purchase rice, beans, cookies, sugar, and milk from village stores that have cropped up in the Amazon to supply loggers, miners, and farmers.

13 • EDUCATION

Most Kayapos continue to teach their young people the skills necessary to survive in the rain forest. These include hunting, fishing, trekking, and making and using canoes. Growing vegetables, beading, body paint preparations, and cooking are skills Kayapo girls are expected to know. Some missionaries in the Xingu River area have attempted to offer a more Western-style education, including reading and writing. However, many Kayapos have been extremely wary of accepting this type of schooling. They are concerned that their children will be lost to them and will forget traditional skills.

Recently, in a protected area of the Xingu Reservation, a school was set up to teach children from various tribes. They learn reading, writing, and arithmetic and receive information about the ways of people outside their own culture.

14 • CULTURAL HERITAGE

Completing a full cycle of festivals is essential to Kayapo culture. Singing, chanting, and dancing are important to Kayapo life. Men and women also sing as they go out on a hunt or work the land. They use a type of rattle or maraca and sticks to beat rhythms.

15 • EMPLOYMENT

Many Kayapos were pressured into taking part in gold mining in the Amazon River in the 1980s and 1990s. Gold mining is hard and often dangerous work. In addition, the mercury used in mining seriously pollutes the rivers.

Kayapo chiefs are helping direct their people in a variety of activities including harvesting nuts, fruits, and vegetables, as well as the construction of modern housing for recently arrived settlers. This means that the Kayapos no longer restrict themselves to traditional hunting and fishing. Because they earn money for their work they can purchase goods they did not have before.

16 • SPORTS

Traditionally the Kayapos did not develop sporting skills separately from skills that were useful for work. Hunting, fishing, and trekking, for example, have now become sporting activities in white society. In Kayapo society they are survival skills; their recreational value is secondary. Some Kayapos obtain great pleasure from teaching these skills to younger members of the tribe. Acquiring prowess in any or all of them is a source of pride.

Kayapo children enjoy swimming along the shores of the Xingu River. Until the 1990s, this river was completely unpolluted. Villagers who have had more contact with people outside their own culture have learned to play soccer.

17 • RECREATION

Storytelling is a significant aspect of Kayapo life. It is a way of transmitting Kayapo legends and history as well as a way of preserving the identity of a people. It is also a form of entertainment. Mostly, however, it forms part of the rituals that give structure and meaning to the life of the Kayapos. Storytelling is interwoven with dance rituals and ceremonies. These follow a definite cycle, linked to nature and to the changing seasons.

18 • CRAFTS AND HOBBIES

Kayapos make beautiful beaded necklaces, some a brilliant blue or yellow. They also make bracelets and earrings using shells or stones, and headdresses made from the brightly colored feathers of various Amazon birds. The Kayapos are skilled in preparing and applying intricate designs as body paint. They weave sturdy and flexible hammocks. They also make their own canoes as well as fishing and hunting implements such as spears, clubs, blow guns, arrows, and darts.

19 • SOCIAL PROBLEMS

Many activities in the Amazon threaten a way of life the Kayapos want to preserve. Poverty, a population explosion, and an unequal system of land ownership have driven many people into the Amazon region in search of land. Deforestation of the Amazon is occurring at a rapid rate. This destruction is accelerated by the activities of cattle ranchers who grow beef for export to fast food chains in the United States. Land that is over-grazed by cattle quickly becomes completely barren.

Commercial loggers have also contributed to the destruction of the Amazon jungle by providing tropical hardwood for construction in Japan, Western Europe, and the United States. The destruction of so many trees contributes to carbon dioxide pollution in the atmosphere and, therefore, to global warming.

Mining is yet another threat to the way of life of the Kayapos and other Amazon peoples. Smelting furnaces need charcoal, and much of it is taken from irreplaceable virgin forest. A harmful byproduct of the Amazon gold rush has been the introduction of new diseases to which the Kapayos have no natural immunity. Also, mercury poisoning affects Amerindian communities downstream from mining activities. Mercury released into the atmosphere is another form of pollution.

Some Amerindian groups, including the Kayapos, have been attacked and murdered in the search for land. Others have had their land forcibly taken away. In addition, many have had to work for very low wages in miserable conditions in some of the frontier towns.

The Kayapos are working hard to find ways of confronting the problems posed by the arrival of people who do not appreciate the delicate ecological balance of the Amazon region.

20 • BIBLIOGRAPHY

National Geographic Index. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, January–June 1984.

Sting, and Jean-Pierre Dutilleux. Jungle Stories: The Fight for the Amazon. Paris and London: Barrie and Jenkins, 1989.

WEBSITES

Brazilian Embassy, Washington, D.C. [Online] Available http://www.brasil.emb.nw.dc.us/ , 1998.

Interknowledge Corporation. [Online] Available http://www.interknowledge.com/brazil/ , 1998.

World Travel Guide. [Online] Available http://www.wtgonline.com/country/br/gen.html , 1998.



User Contributions:

haley
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Apr 30, 2006 @ 6:06 am
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May 31, 2006 @ 2:14 pm
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amy
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Nov 2, 2006 @ 11:11 am
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Amy, 14, England.
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Nov 14, 2006 @ 1:13 pm
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Haley_P
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Nov 15, 2006 @ 6:06 am
Wow thanx alot it really helped.
Im doing a project on kayapos and i need this information badly
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this website really helped me with my school project on the amazon rainforest and i got a great grade thank you very much
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Your Site Helped me Alot, with my Geog. Homework.. Thankyou For making it =], i also learned alot!!..xx
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Feb 8, 2007 @ 10:10 am
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Feb 27, 2007 @ 12:12 pm
Wicked this really helped me on my homework, top site!!!!!!!
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lexi
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Mar 6, 2007 @ 2:14 pm
thanks this website helped me alot for my project! i love it..............lol kk thanks!


~lexi~
Darren
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Mar 16, 2007 @ 12:00 am
this page is awesome. it help me so much on my assignment
crogirl
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Apr 2, 2007 @ 12:00 am
Hey

great website and vwry helping too. Great for children that are doing this tpye of tribe.
Gemma
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Apr 15, 2007 @ 4:04 am
Hey- thanks for a great website like this
You've really helped me with my geography project
And I have learnt alot form this
Thanks again
gemma - 14- UK-
Tom Bletsoe
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Apr 16, 2007 @ 6:06 am
Hi - This is a great help and has helped me with my geograpy project comparing two tribes. Thanks for the help and the links
Tom-14-UK
sophi
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Apr 18, 2007 @ 12:12 pm
hi this site is great helped me do my essay


~*~ sophi ~*~
rachel
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Apr 24, 2007 @ 11:11 am
Heyya thanks so much for the information i needed it for my geography homework- it helped loads thankyou so much! xD
jake
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Apr 25, 2007 @ 3:15 pm
this site was great for my project, it help me get a lv 7a
fanks a lot
jake 13 .u.k
Jamie-lee
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May 28, 2007 @ 8:20 pm
this info helped me alot with my assingment but i think you should add a bit more info about the past and present (eg kayapos food in the past and today) thanks...
jamie g (A.K.A) spair rib
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Jun 4, 2007 @ 8:08 am
great site it helped me get and A* in my world studies. fanx
jamie g (A.K.A) spair rib
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Jun 4, 2007 @ 8:08 am
great site it helped me get and A* in my world studies. fanx
hannah
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Jun 11, 2007 @ 11:11 am
Thanks !! ive been searching so many sites and finally found a really good one! ( after printing out all my work :( ) really good help though :D xD thankz again-- helped with my goeg hmwrk x
ania
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Jun 12, 2007 @ 8:08 am
Your site is awsome!!!!!!!
Thankx for da help i really needed it!!!!! with my geog h/w
ania
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Jun 12, 2007 @ 8:08 am
Your site is awsome!!!!!!!
Thankx for da help i really needed it!!!!! with my geog h/w
Jay
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Jun 14, 2007 @ 5:05 am
thanks
it really helped me wit my 4 page geo assigment =)
ali
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Jun 19, 2007 @ 8:08 am
A great site has all the info i needed to do my essay, thanx!
georgy
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Jun 19, 2007 @ 8:08 am
its an ok site, quite useful it helpedme alot in my project
charlie
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Jun 19, 2007 @ 8:08 am
BRILL!! i was searching for ages for the information that was all on your site, i wish i had come here earlier! thanx
Alice
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Jun 23, 2007 @ 3:15 pm
fantasic! it was great with hug amonts of info but it wld be really gd if you could talk about there landscape and climate that would help me out loads in my essay.
Thanx again ali.
Grace
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Sep 15, 2007 @ 6:06 am
I LOVE THIS SITE!! Thanks so much to the people who made it! It gave me all the info I needed for my geography report.
I rank it 10/10!
elle.
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Sep 15, 2007 @ 7:19 pm
thanks for all the information!
its reely helping me with an essay ive gotta do.
youve covered heaps of information points which is reely excellent.
tops.
xx
Sarah
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Sep 25, 2007 @ 7:19 pm
this help me alo with my geo ass on the Kayapo peeps
lauren
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Oct 13, 2007 @ 5:05 am
this page is awesome thanks for all the information butyou ddnt answer if they had musical instruments or a traditional dance xx
S
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Oct 29, 2007 @ 1:13 pm
this page does not include information about the following:
. farming and hunting methods
. problems faced by the commercial development of the rainforest
. and village structure
Mital
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Dec 2, 2007 @ 12:12 pm
Wow this totally helped me with part of my corusework!!!!
elle-xo
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Jan 5, 2008 @ 1:13 pm
Wow! this site is wicked cos i've got a project due in this friday lol :P
ellie
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Jan 5, 2008 @ 2:14 pm
hey you guys rock! you saved my but big time! gotta essay in soon thanks!
ellie:)
x
garsife
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Jan 30, 2008 @ 11:11 am
Thank s alot for this really useful information which ireally needed this seems to be the only site on the whole web which could help me!
Carrie
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Mar 6, 2008 @ 3:15 pm
This is the best infomation and website that had helped me with my tribe report. Hope that there's a lot more of information on these tribes because we as students have a lot of presentations that needs to be done for school. And it would help out others with their projects. This is very awesome. Keep adding in more information about this tribe.
MAHALO and ALOHA
Devesh
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Mar 9, 2008 @ 1:01 am
This is a very good source and I enjoyed reading it.

mail me back
bill
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Mar 9, 2008 @ 8:08 am
thanks a lot for this page!!!
it helped a lot and has a lot of info
naty
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Mar 9, 2008 @ 9:09 am
great page its got all the info i needed



It is so well-laid out and contains all the information needed. Well done!
Nicola
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Apr 2, 2008 @ 1:13 pm
Im Doing A Project Of The Rainforest People For School And This Was The Last WebSite I Used. It Was Really Helpfull And I Wished I Would Have Used It Earlier.


Thanks A Bomb I Was Going To Give Up And Not Do A Project At All!!!!!
georgina
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Apr 12, 2008 @ 4:16 pm
hiya,this page has been an incrediable help with my georgraphy assesment about the kayapo tribe it has helped me include the correct infomation i have needed so thankyou xx
Ben Keating
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Apr 17, 2008 @ 2:14 pm
It helped.. I still failed because I forgot to bring it into school.. But it still helped :)
rachel L
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Apr 19, 2008 @ 9:09 am
OMG thanku so much!!! it helped me write 1300 words for my geog. hw. this website rawks! thanks a lot.

xoxo,
rach
nadia
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Apr 19, 2008 @ 9:09 am
thank you so muchh!!! I got a A** for my geog. and it's all because of this webpage!! thank u =)

xD
naddy.
carrey
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Apr 19, 2008 @ 9:09 am
this website is so cool! it had all info i needed for my school assignment. thanks lotz
--carrey. dawson, 13, UK
Anette
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Jun 5, 2008 @ 3:15 pm
Really good !
I looked for info, and I found all I needed here.
Keep up. :)


xx Anette, 15, Norway.
maazbadar
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Sep 14, 2008 @ 6:06 am
Fantastic, lovely, awesome! I am speechless.

Thanks so so much!
Beth
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Oct 6, 2008 @ 9:09 am
Having lived with the Kayapo in three villages for over 14 years, I found that this site gave very good basics for young students needing to research their tribe. I could write a book on all my experiences with them and hope to one day.

My adopted daughter is pure Kayapo and lives here in the US>
dnt need 2 knw
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Nov 15, 2008 @ 3:15 pm
the information on this page is great helped me alot on my project

thank you!!
winnie
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Nov 17, 2008 @ 3:15 pm
thank you so much for devloping this wbsite it helped so much with my horrible Geog h/w

thanx
saba.kazmi
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Nov 19, 2008 @ 10:10 am
thank that was what i was looking for
i searched for hours
but thank you that i found site
thank you
saba England (bradford)
sky
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Feb 22, 2009 @ 1:01 am
thanks very much. It provides everything that I was looking for. You rock!
Private
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Mar 8, 2009 @ 1:01 am
This website is very useful and it helped me alot in my project.
Calypso
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Mar 22, 2009 @ 9:09 am
Wooow A useful website !
This helped me so much with my geography
assingment dunno what i would of done if this
wasnt here lol. Thnaks again to the people who created
this really really useful..
Calypso-14-Uk
mimi
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Mar 26, 2009 @ 10:10 am
thank you! really helped my school work! there was lots of good info in that web page!
thanks again!
mimi
meee
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Apr 17, 2009 @ 12:12 pm
thank u u helped me with all the info i needed for my project else i wud hav been well stuk :P
thnx
Jkzc
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Apr 20, 2009 @ 10:22 pm
Thank you so much. You really made me improve on this assignment. I hope you keep posting up different subjects so I can learn lots more about everything else. I hope you have a good day. Thank you.
chloe
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Apr 23, 2009 @ 4:04 am
this was very good i really enjoyed this website
is was very useful thank you
Becca
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Jun 4, 2009 @ 8:08 am
wow this has really helped with my school project ! thanks alot
Aaron
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Jun 11, 2009 @ 12:12 pm
Thanks for all the great info really helped me out you should continue to make more like this about other indigenous peoples thanks for all the great help!
kathy
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Jun 18, 2009 @ 1:01 am
very helpful thankyou very much :)
i have used a lot of that imformation
who ever wrote this i am very thankful
i couldn't find any imformation thankyou
amanda
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Oct 3, 2009 @ 3:15 pm
I just wanted to let you know that I've enjoyed such a wonderful articles on these people and I'm doing my research paper on them also because I find them such an interesting group to learn about and I'm interested in other cultures that was here before me and ones that are still here now. So, Thank-You for all of wonderful information and knowledge.

Amanda
Jessica (:
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Oct 9, 2009 @ 11:11 am
This is, like, the best site to find any information on the kayapo tribe and their cultures!
My Geog. teacher is a tad dosey and doesn't really know what's she's talking about, so i thought i would fail Geog. this year but now i don't have to worry 'bout that anymore
Thanks So Much (:
Andrew , 14 , england
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Nov 9, 2009 @ 11:11 am
Great site .All the information that i needed was there and really helped.Thanks
jaela
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Nov 16, 2009 @ 11:11 am
thanks a lot for this website it helped me with coach rickmans work
Carmenn
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Dec 29, 2009 @ 12:12 pm
Emensee Pagee!!! Thankss for all the helpfull info(;
cookie moster
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Jan 17, 2010 @ 8:08 am
THANK YOU! i wish i had seen it before, it is easily the best page of all of them!
Rorochi
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Jan 18, 2010 @ 1:13 pm
thank you so much this has helped me countless hours looking for information in the internet, information that will be all mixed up ! that you so much (:
lol
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Jan 25, 2010 @ 12:12 pm
very interestin!! VERY POWERFUL AMZIN WICKED ALL INEEDED A* IN WORK
senna
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Jan 27, 2010 @ 10:10 am
thanks so much this has helped me loads for a project im doing!
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Feb 23, 2010 @ 3:15 pm
This was excellently laid out. thank you and congratulations on this great piece of grammatical writing. well done
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May 6, 2010 @ 5:05 am
Fantastic site!
thankyou very very much :)
AMAZING AMAZING AMAZING AMAZING AMAZING
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May 9, 2010 @ 10:10 am
thank you very much for the information!
and i found what i need in here...
good~~~
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Jul 8, 2010 @ 9:09 am
I am amazed that the true indegenious people are still around in todays world. It is terrible to think that pressuring them to change their ways is going on. I think immunizing them would help them to maintain their health and population. Industrialization is forcibly taking over their lands just as everywhere else in the world. Nothing is left untainted from humans that always want more and more of what they don't own. We do have a right to protect their way of life and their food and water. The eminent domain that countries have the superb ownership of land, minerals, and harvesting of wood has got to stop. These rainforest has been cleaning the Earth for thousands of years, elimnating them is destroying our way of life as well as theirs. Greedy companies have to look at the wide angle picture of the destruction they cause. Saving their land and their rights is and should be a priority in Brazilian governing.
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Jul 15, 2010 @ 2:02 am
This is great! Please add more if possible. Thanks.
Well laid out.
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Aug 2, 2010 @ 3:03 am
it just finished my school assinment for me great page full of info great for school work thanks





:) james :)
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Aug 31, 2010 @ 5:05 am
Nice website. I've learned so much about the Kayapo Tribe (Brazil). Very detailed website. I love it. More power.
garfield
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Oct 26, 2010 @ 9:21 pm
thanks for the info, this should be more than enough for my school project!
NABEEL
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Nov 9, 2010 @ 1:13 pm
THIS WAS VERY USEFUL INFORMATION FOR MY TROPICAL RAINFOREST PROJECT!
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Nov 10, 2010 @ 1:01 am
thank you for this information helped me out a lot
kayla
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Dec 5, 2010 @ 7:07 am
This information was useful,I am glad I found this site. Thanks whoever made the site!
hello kitty
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Jan 27, 2011 @ 5:17 pm
well laid out, outstanding presentation, very well informative and descriptive... and wow!
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Jan 31, 2011 @ 12:12 pm
i love pimp slapping niggahs

i back handed your mums nigga ass
anal is good kids
Oak Room
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Feb 11, 2011 @ 10:10 am
We used the Kayapo Indians article for a zoology project. Awesome info! We found all we needed on this site.
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Mar 1, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
Thank you so much! this site provided me with everything I needed for my Native Studies essay!
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Mar 4, 2011 @ 11:11 am
im wondering how do they actually communicate( like do they use grunts or gestures or how loud they speak or if they do somethng with their bodies) i would really appreciate feedback because it is for a project
brad
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Mar 5, 2011 @ 6:06 am
thanx 4 ur help m8 was very ussful and made sence unlike other websites.
brad 13 .uk.
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Mar 7, 2011 @ 10:10 am
thank you for the good infomation for my project for geography :)
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Mar 20, 2011 @ 1:13 pm
WOW thanks alot this site was amazing it helped me with my project and i got an A+
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Mar 31, 2011 @ 8:20 pm
Hi, I am doing a research paper on the Kayapo tribe for a class. Could I get your information and permission to cite this article as one of my sources? Thank you.
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May 15, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
To be honest I had never heard of the Kayapos Indians before and it was only yesterday after researching someone in my family tree that I discovered them. My relative was Horace Banner who worked with the Indians for over 40 years!!! He has wrote 2 books which I am waiting to be deivered. He also has a window in Grappenhall Church, Warrington that shows pictures to represent his and his wife Ena's work there. What a very special man!!!
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Sep 14, 2011 @ 5:17 pm
This piece of work was extremely useful, I am just wondering who the author is so I can reference it?

Thanks,'

Cam :)
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Oct 12, 2011 @ 9:09 am
Thank you so much :) you helped a lot with my geography project :)
Dan
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Oct 12, 2011 @ 12:12 pm
cheers. this helped me loads and loads. what a great website! needed this really bad. was searching for stuff for ages but it was all on this website. woo im 100th person to comment
Ciara
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Oct 29, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
This is a really trustworthy and informative article. It helped me with my Geography project very well.
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Oct 30, 2011 @ 8:08 am
this website was the best it gave me all the info i needed. :)
Dizzy
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Oct 31, 2011 @ 11:11 am
Wow, what an fantastic site!!!
My teacher set us homework, without explaining at all what we needed to do, but once i found this site it explained everything!!
Thank yous so much, you should do more sites like this, i would definetly use them!!!
Sammi
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Nov 3, 2011 @ 4:16 pm
incedably usfull for my prodject :]
provided most of the info i needed
pjohn
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Nov 30, 2011 @ 9:09 am
this site helped me with my project alot thank x
Payton, 14 United States, TX
Sammy
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Dec 15, 2011 @ 11:23 pm
Thank you, this helped a lot and gave great information. I hope that other may see your website as well.
tiffany
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Feb 27, 2012 @ 10:22 pm
great work it was the best i have a school asigntnment on tribes and this helped me alot thatks and your a life save
Charley
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Mar 2, 2012 @ 10:10 am
This page was very helpful and helped me with my Geography Project thank you!
jade
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Mar 7, 2012 @ 8:08 am
this is a good page it gives us the help that we need
roz
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Mar 7, 2012 @ 8:08 am
this website is cool because it is full of infomation
Alaina
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Apr 30, 2012 @ 11:11 am
This information was very helpful for my finals and it helped me learn a lot more about the Kayapo tribe. :)
K8
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May 9, 2012 @ 1:13 pm
Thanks so much- this website is fab- all the info I needed on 1 website! thanks again!
yusuf
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May 10, 2012 @ 5:17 pm
this site really helped for my anthropology revision - thanks a lot :D
usuckwillys
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Jun 27, 2012 @ 1:13 pm
thanks so much brilliant was great for my geography project :P
lara
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Jul 8, 2012 @ 2:02 am
lara:aged 10 UK

this really helped me do my homework this page is so usefull
juliette
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Aug 19, 2012 @ 9:21 pm
Great for essays and projects. I loved it because it gave lots of imformation.
pearl
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Sep 12, 2012 @ 7:19 pm
this is great thanks for the help! the site should add more information on rituals and traditions and the perspectives of the kayapos on life,death, and the supernatural.
Alicia
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Oct 3, 2012 @ 6:06 am
This is a very helpful site,it helps me with my tribespeech.Thanks for helping,I owe you a soda and ice-cream!
Ells
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Oct 7, 2012 @ 2:14 pm
Thanks! Used this over Wiki. More helpful, I think.
:)
abs
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Nov 26, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
it helped a lot on my homework, learned a lot of facts too aha
tit
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Feb 4, 2013 @ 10:10 am
thanks this website really helped with my homework ;)
pemer
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Feb 4, 2013 @ 12:12 pm
thanks whoever put this up, it helped me thouroughly with my geography homeowork. lots of detailed information
Mo
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Feb 25, 2013 @ 2:14 pm
This was great! Way more info than I needed! One thing that i needed was what farming methods they use, but i guess thats really random! Thanks loads! :D
MaddieKiska
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Mar 3, 2013 @ 11:11 am
This really helped with my geography homework! Thanks a lot; Mr O'D sets little homework, but when he does it's HARD!
courtney
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Mar 12, 2013 @ 11:11 am
Thanks so much this helped me on my homework and i had a A+ thanks again Courtney 12 UK
Isobel
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Jun 17, 2013 @ 12:00 am
thanks for the information my home work is going to be awsome
Bob
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Oct 9, 2013 @ 7:07 am
This has really helped me with my school work thankyou very much:)
Mary
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Nov 14, 2013 @ 12:12 pm
thank you very much for this page, it helped me so much with my homework:)
Tim
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Nov 16, 2013 @ 6:06 am
thank you. it helped me do my homework. I learned many new things about Kayapo people.
Yodai
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Dec 4, 2013 @ 6:06 am
This is a very good site!
When I told this information in front of my class, they gave me a high score!
Thankyou
karolina
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Dec 22, 2013 @ 9:09 am
Why do they pluck eyelashes off? What's the meaning behind that?
lily
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Jan 5, 2014 @ 7:07 am
thx this was a great site! It really helped with my essay!
Charlotte
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Jan 7, 2014 @ 1:13 pm
This website was very helpful it was really good for my assessment!!!
emma
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Jan 23, 2014 @ 12:12 pm
This is a Brilliant website not only is it helpful for work its actually quite interesting (I'm not a geek by the way) Thanx whoever created this fab website :) Best one about the Amazon tribes ! Don't you think ...
izzy
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Feb 25, 2014 @ 12:12 pm
This really helped me with both my homework and essay!!! it has lots of interesting facts and nicely set out with sub headings to go with it aswell thanks this is GREAT WEBSITE to use:)
gus bro
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Mar 9, 2014 @ 6:18 pm
Thanks! Used this over Wiki. More helpful, I think.
:)
Geography star
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Mar 16, 2014 @ 12:12 pm
This site is amazing! It is really helping me put my geography project together about the Amazon Rainforest. Who ever made this site is a star! THANKYOU :D
1234567890
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Mar 18, 2014 @ 2:14 pm
thank you! its been a great website helping me with my geography homework!! and ive learnt loads from it cheers!!
hello
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May 23, 2014 @ 4:04 am
his sire is amazing it help with the homework i had to do thanks
Elly
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Jun 3, 2014 @ 6:18 pm
This was amazing and helped me so much with my HSIE work! Thank you so much
Presh '.'
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Jun 15, 2014 @ 12:12 pm
OMG!!! this helped me so much - helped me get my ed of year target which is level 6a but i got a 7b!!! thankksomg

precious-13-uk
Icecream
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Aug 14, 2014 @ 4:04 am
Its a really awesome site and it has TONS of info and it helped me with my hw! Thanks again!
courtney
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Sep 29, 2014 @ 3:03 am
this website has really helped me with my school work thankyouuu:)xoxoxo

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