Kin Groups and Descent. All San speakers reckon kinship bilaterally; membership in Zhu I õasi and Khoe local descent groups is determined by rights that are inherited through either father or mother or through both. The Hai I I om, who in the past lived in patrilineal local groups, reckon descent unilineally.
Kinship Terminology. Zhu I õasi terminology is of the Eskimo type, with older siblings and cousins distinguished by sex; all Khoe and !Koõ terminologies are Iroquois, with bifurcate-merging avuncular terms.