ETHNONYMS: Karelians or Karjalaiset, Suomalaiset, Tavastians or Hämäläiset


Kin Groups and Descent. Finnish kinship is basically bilateral, thus creating overlapping personal kindreds ( sukulaiset ) derived from one's father's and mother's relatives.

Kinship Terminology. Kin terms conform to the Eskimo system in Ego's generation. In the first ascending generation, terminology is lineal for females and bifurcate-collateral for males.


Engman, Max, and David Kirby, eds. (1989). Finland: People, Nation, State. London: Hurst & Co.

Jarvenpa, Robert (1988). "Agrarian Ecology, Sexual Organization of Labor, and Decision Making in Northeastern Finland." In The Social Implications of Agrarian Change in Northern and Eastern Finland, edited by Tim Ingold, 76-90. Helsinki: Finnish Anthropological Society.

Lander, Patricia Slade (1976). In the Shadow of the Factory: Social Change in a Finnish Community. Cambridge, Mass.: Schenkman.

Pentikäinen, Juha Y. (1989). Kalevala Mythology. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Sarmela, Matti (1969). Reciprocity Systems of the Rural Society in the Finnish-Karelian Culture Area. FF Communications, no. 207. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia.

Siikala, Anna-Leens (1987). "Finnic Religions." In The Encyclopedia of Religion, edited by Mircea Eliade. Vol. 5, 323-330. New York: Macmillan.

Solsten, Eric, and Sandra W. Meditz, eds. (1990). Finland: A Country Study. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress.

Talve, Ilmar (1980). Suomen Kansankulttuuri (Finnish folk culture). Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura.

Vuorela, Toivo (1964). The Finno-Ugric Peoples. Indiana University Uralic and Altaic Series, no. 39. Bloomington: Indiana University Publications.


Also read article about Finns from Wikipedia

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