ETHNONYMS: Flamencos (Spanish), Flandres (French), Flemings, French-Flemish, Northern Belgians, Southern Dutch, Vlaamingen (Dutch), Vlamisch (German)
De Meeus, A. (1962). History of the Belgians. Translated by G. Gordon. New York: Praeger.
Goris, Jan Albert (1945). Belgium. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Huggett, F. E. (1969). Modern Belgium. New York: Praeger.
Lijphart, Arend, ed. (1981). Conflict and Coexistence in Belgium: The Dynamics of a Culturally Divided Society. Berkeley: University of California Press, Institute of International Studies.
Pirenne, Henri (1915). Early Democracies in the Low Countries: Urban Society and Political Conflict in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Translated by J. V. Saunders. New York: Harper & Row.
Riley, R. C. (1989). Belgium. World Bibliographic Series, edited by R. G. Neville, vol. 104. Oxford: Clio Press.
Van Houtte, J. A. (1977). An Economic History of the Low Countries, 800-1800. New York: St. Martin's Press.
MERIELLE K. FLOOD