Nanai religious beliefs are similar in many ways to those of other Siberian peoples, including strong beliefs in the sky and earth and animism. In the east, and especially among the Nanai of the Amur region, religious beliefs and practices have some more distinctive elements, including a belief in the soul, an interest in twins, and the shaman's role as the protector of children and adolescents.
See also Hezhen in Part Two ,
Avrorin, V. A. (1968). "Nanaiskii Iazyk (Nanai language)." Iazyki Narodov 5:129-130.
Bruk, S. I. (1981). Naselenie Mira (World population). Moscow.
"The Nanays." (1964). In The Peoples of Siberia, edited by M. G. Levin and L. P. Potapov, 691-720. Translated by Stephen P. Dunn and Ethel Dunn. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Originally published in Russian in 1956.
Smolyak, A. V. (1975). Etnicheskie protsessy u narodov nizhnego Amura i Sakhalin (Ethnic process and peoples of the lower Amur and Sakhalin). Moscow.
Smolyak, A. V. (1978). "Some Notes on the Human Soul among the Nanais." In Shamanism in Siberia. Budapest.
A. B. SMOLYAK (Translated by Lydia T. Black)