ETHNONYMS: Turcomans (from the Persian usage), Türkmens
Barthold, V. V. (1962/1929). "A History of the Turkman People." In Four Studies of the History of Central Asia, by V. V. Barthold. Translated by V. and T. Minorsky. Vol. 3. Leiden: E. J. Brill.
Irons, William (1975). The Yomut Turkmen: A Study of Social Organization among a Central Asian Turkic Speaking Population. University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology, Anthropological Paper no. 58. Ann Arbor.
Saray, Mehmet (1989). The Turkmens in the Age of imperialism: A Study of the Turkmen People and Their Incorporation into the Russian Empire. Ankara: Turkish Historical Society Printing House.
WILLIAM A. WOOD