ETHNONYMS: Dubo, Tyva (Chinese historical sources); Soioty, Tannu-Uriankhaitsy,
Tuvintsy, Uriankhi (nineteenth-century Russian); Tandy-Uriankhai or Uriankhai (nineteenth-century Tuvan)
Krueger, John R., ed. (1977). Tuvan Manual: Area Handbook, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Bibliography. Uralic and Altaic Series, vol. 126. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Potapov, L. P. (1964). "The Tuvans." In The Peoples of Siberia, edited by M. G. Levin and L. P. Potapov, 380-422. Translated by Stephen P. Dunn and Ethel Dunn. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Originally published in Russian in 1956.
Sovetskaia Tuva v tsifrakh. Statisticheskii sbornik (Soviet Tuva in figures) (1984). Kyzyl: Statistical Collection.
Vainshtein, Sevyan I. (1980). Istoricheskaya etnografiya Tuvintsev (Ethographic history of the Tuvans). Translated as Nomads of South Siberia: The Pastoral Economies of Tuva. Cambridge Studies in Social Anthropology, vol. 25. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
RALPH LEIGHTON AND K. A. BICHELDEI
[ Editor's Note: This summary is based largely on an essay written specifically for the Encyclopedia of World Cultures by K. A. Bicheldei, researcher at the Tuvan Institute of Language, Literature, and History. In early 1990 Mr. Bicheldei was elected a delegate from Tuva to the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR.]