ETHNONYMS: (contemporary) : Black Americans, Afro-Americans; (archaic): Colored, Negro
Asante, Molefi, and Mark Mattson (1990). The Historical and Cultural Atlas of African Americans. New York: Macmillan.
Baughman, E. Earl (1971). Black Americans. New York: Academic Press.
Frazier, Thomas R. (1988). Afro American History: Primary Sources. 2nd ed. Chicago: Dorsey Press.
Harding, Vincent (1981). There Is a River. New York: Vintage.
Henry, Charles (1990). Culture and African American Politics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
McPherson, James, et al. (1971). Blacks in America: Bibliographic Essays. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Books.
MOLEFI KETE ASANTE