ETHNONMYS: Macoushi, Macuchi, Macusi, Macuxi, Makuschi, Makuxi

History and Cultural Relations

Effective contact between the Makushi and Whites dates back to the second half of the eighteenth century, but contact began perhaps many years before that. The present state of Roraima was populated by Whites after the introduction of cattle by the Portuguese and the founding of São Joaquim Fortress to defend the region against invasion by other Europeans.


Diniz, Edson Soares (1972). Os índios makuxi do Roraima. Sao Paulo: Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras de Marília.

Myers, Iris (1944). The Makushi of British Guiana. Timehri, Georgetown. Reprint. 1946.


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